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Invisible Victims

  • Stevie-Jade HardyEmail author
  • Neil Chakraborti
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Hate Studies book series (PAHS)

Abstract

This chapter is framed around three key barriers which victims face in relation to accessing justice and support. This chapter highlights problems associated with levels of awareness and confidence amongst hate crime victims; with the appropriateness and effectiveness of existing criminal justice interventions; and with knowledge and uptake of support services. It demonstrates that there is no ‘one-size fits all’ approach to delivering support to hate crime victims.

Keywords

Hate crime Victim support Reporting Recording Justice 

References

  1. Gottfredson, M. R., & Gottfredson, D. M. (1988). Decision making in criminal justice: Toward the rational exercise of discretion (2nd ed.). New York: Plenum.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  3. Home Office. (2018). Hate crime, England and Wales, 2017/18. London: Home Office.Google Scholar
  4. Walters, M. (2014). Hate crime and restorative justice: Exploring causes, repairing harms. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Walters, M. A., & Brown, R. (2016). Preventing hate crime: Emerging practices and recommendations for the improved management of criminal justice interventions. Brighton: University of Sussex.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of CriminologyUniversity of LeicesterLeicesterUK

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