Biogenic Nanoparticles for Degradation of Noxious Dyes

  • Abhishek Mundaragi
  • Prashantkumar Chakra
  • Om Prakash
  • Ravichandra Hospet
  • Devarajan Thangadurai
  • Jeyabalan Sangeetha
  • Shivanand Bhat
Part of the Nanotechnology in the Life Sciences book series (NALIS)


Green synthesis of nanoparticles utilizing renewable bioresources has emerged as a new concept in present nanotechnology studies with potential environmental safety. The number of extensive research works indicates that dye degradation using biogenic nanoparticles was found to have potential application and could effectively support in remediation of pollution caused by toxic dyes. Future studies involving biogenic nanoparticle-mediated photocatalysis/catalysis must be engaged in open and larger systems to ensure feasibility and methods involving the pathways in detail. Nonetheless, at present scenario, studies confirm the potential benefits of biogenic nanoparticles under laboratory conditions. On-field trials for efficient effluent treatments have to be assessed and validated. Silver nano-catalysts were used against anthropogenic pollutants mainly nitroamines and azo dyes. These toxic pollutants are harmful to our environment and cause severe health problems. Various nanoparticles such as Au, Ag, Au, ZnO, SnO2, Pd and Fe have the potential in degrading toxin contaminants and their by-products, by that minimizing harmful effect from the pollutants. The green synthesis of nano-catalyst assures cost-effective and eco-friendly approach towards sustainable environmental safety.


Calcination Dyes Nanoparticles Oxidizing agents Photocatalytic activity Photodegradation 


  1. Ahluwalia S, Prakash NT, Prakash R, Pal B (2016) Improved degradation of methyl orange dye using bio-co-catalyst Se nanoparticles impregnated ZnS photocatalyst under UV irradiation. Chem Eng J 306:1041–1048CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Amutha R, Arumugam P, Berchmans S (2011) Synthesis of gold nanoparticles: an ecofriendly approach using Hansenula anomala. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 5(3):1418–1425Google Scholar
  3. Ansari SA, Khan MM, Ansari MO, Lee J, Cho MH (2013) Biogenic synthesis, photocatalytic, and photoelectrochemical performance of Ag–ZnO nanocomposite. J Phys Chem A 117(51):27023–27030Google Scholar
  4. Arunachalam R, Dhanasingh S, Kalimuthu B, Uthirappan M, Rose C, Mandal AB (2012) Phytosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using Coccinia grandis leaf extract and its application in the photocatalytic degradation. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 94:226–230PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Atarod M, Nasrollahzadeh M, Sajadi SM (2016) Green synthesis of Pd/RGO/Fe3O4 nanocomposite using Withania coagulans leaf extract and its application as magnetically separable and reusable catalyst for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol. J Colloid Interface Sci 465:249–258PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Aziz N, Faraz M, Pandey R, Sakir M, Fatma T, Varma A, Barman I, Prasad R (2015) Facile algae-derived route to biogenic silver nanoparticles: Synthesis, antibacterial and photocatalytic properties. Langmuir 31: 11605−11612 DOI: Scholar
  7. Aziz N, Pandey R, Barman I, Prasad R (2016) Leveraging the attributes of Mucor hiemalis-derived silver nanoparticles for a synergistic broad-spectrum antimicrobial platform. Front Microbiol 7:1984. doi:
  8. Aziz N, Faraz M, Sherwani MA, Fatma T, Prasad R (2019) Illuminating the anticancerous efficacy of a new fungal chassis for silver nanoparticle synthesis. Front Chem 7:65. doi:
  9. Bahnemann D, Cunningham J, Fox MA, Pelizzetti E, Pichat P, Serpone N, Zepp RG, Heltz GR, Crosby DG (1994) Aquatic and surface photochemistry. Lewis, Boca Raton, pp 261–278Google Scholar
  10. Baran W, Makowski A, Wardas W (2008) The effect of UV radiation absorption of cationic and anionic dye solutions on their photocatalytic degradation in the presence of TiO2. Dyes Pigments 76:226–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Baruah D, Goswami M, Yadav RNS, Yadav A, Das AM (2018) Biogenic synthesis of gold nanoparticles and their application in photocatalytic degradation of toxic dyes. J Photochem Photobiol B Biol 186:51–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Bhuyan T, Mishra K, Khanuja M, Prasad R, Varma A (2015) Biosynthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles from Azadirachta indica for antibacterial and photocatalytic applications. Mater Sci Semicon Proc 32:55–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Bogireddy NKR, Kumar HAK, Mandal BK (2016) Biofabricated silver nanoparticles as green catalyst in the degradation of different textile dyes. J Environ Chem Eng 4(1):56–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Bouras P, Stathatos E, Lianos P (2007) Pure versus metal-ion-doped nanocrystalline titania for photocatalysis. Appl Catal B Environ 73:51–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Castro L, Blázquez ML, González F, Muñoz JA, Ballester A (2018) Heavy metal adsorption using biogenic iron compounds. Hydrometallurgy 179:44–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Cheval N, Gindy N, Flowkes C, Fahmi A (2012) Polyamide 66 microspheres metallised with in situ synthesised gold nanoparticles for a catalytic application. Nanoscale Res Lett 7(1):182. Scholar
  17. Davar F, Majedi A, Mirzaei A (2015) Green synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles and its application in the degradation of some dyes. J Am Ceram Soc 98(6):1739–1746CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Dawood S, Sen T (2014) Review on dye removal from its aqueous solution into alternative cost effective and non-conventional adsorbents. Chem Process Eng 1(104):1–11Google Scholar
  19. Desai MP, Sangaokar GM, Pawar KD (2018) Kokum fruit mediated biogenic gold nanoparticles with photoluminescent, photocatalytic and antioxidant activities. Process Biochem 70:188–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Dhillon GS, Brar SK, Kaur S, Verma M (2012) Green approach for nanoparticle biosynthesis by fungi: current trends and applications. Crit Rev Biotechnol 32(1):49–73PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Duan Z, Ma G, Zhang W (2012) Preparation of copper nanoparticles and catalytic properties for the reduction of aromatic nitro compounds. Bull Kor Chem Soc 33:4003–4006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Edison TJI, Sethuraman MG (2012) Instant green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Terminalia chebula fruit extract and evaluation of their catalytic activity on reduction of methylene blue. Process Biochem 47(9):1351–1357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Edison TJI, Sethuraman MG (2013) Biogenic robust synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Punica granatum peel and its application as a green catalyst for the reduction of an anthropogenic pollutant 4-nitrophenol. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 104:262–264PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Edison TNJI, Atchudan R, Kamal C, Lee YR (2016a) Caulerpa racemosa: a marine green alga for eco-friendly synthesis of silver nanoparticles and its catalytic degradation of methylene blue. Bioprocess Biosyst Eng 39(9):1401–1408PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Edison TNJI, Atchudan R, Sethuraman MG, Lee YR (2016b) Reductive-degradation of carcinogenic azo dyes using Anacardium occidentale testa derived silver nanoparticles. J Photochem Photobiol B Biol 162:604–610CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Elango G, Roopan SM (2016) Efficacy of SnO2 nanoparticles toward photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue dye. J Photochem Photobiol B Biol 155:34–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Elango G, Kumaran SM, Kumar SS, Muthuraja S, Roopan SM (2015) Green synthesis of SnO2 nanoparticles and its photocatalytic activity of phenolsulfonphthalein dye. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 145:176–180PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Fanchiang JM, Tseng DH (2009) Degradation of anthraquinone dye CI Reactive Blue 19 in aqueous solution by ozonation. Chemosphere 77(2):214–221PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Forgacs E, Cserhati T, Oros G (2004) Removal of synthetic dyes from wastewaters: a review. Environ Int 30(7):953–971PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Fox MA, Dulay MT (1993) Heterogeneous photocatalysis. Chem Rev 93(1):341–356CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Francis S, Joseph S, Koshy EP, Mathew B (2017) Green synthesis and characterization of gold and silver nanoparticles using Mussaenda glabrata leaf extract and their environmental applications to dye degradation. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24(21):17347–17357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Fu L, Zheng Y, Ren Q, Wang A, Deng B (2015) Green biosynthesis of SnO2 nanoparticles by plectranthus amboinicus leaf extract their photocatalytic activity toward rhodamine B degradation. J Ovonic Res 11(1):21–26Google Scholar
  33. Ganapuram BR, Alle M, Dadigala R, Dasari A, Maragoni V, Guttena V (2015) Catalytic reduction of methylene blue and Congo red dyes using green synthesized gold nanoparticles capped by Salmalia malabarica gum. Int Nano Lett 5(4):215–222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Girilal M, Fayaz AM, Elumalai LK, Sathiyaseelan A, Gandhiappan J, Kalaichelvan PT (2018) Comparative stress physiology analysis of biologically and chemically synthesized silver nanoparticles on Solanum lycopersicum L. Colloid Interfac Sci Commun 24:1–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Goodsell DS (2004) Bionanotechnology: lessons from nature. Wiley, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Gupta V (2009) Application of low-cost adsorbents for dye removal – a review. J Environ Manag 90(8):2313–2342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Hatamifard A, Nasrollahzadeh M, Lipkowski J (2015) Green synthesis of a natrolite zeolite/palladium nanocomposite and its application as a reusable catalyst for the reduction of organic dyes in a very short time. RSC Adv 5(111):91372–91381CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Hebbalalu D, Lalley J, Nadagouda MN, Varma RS (2013) Greener techniques for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles using plant extracts, enzymes, bacteria, biodegradable polymers, and microwaves. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 1(7):703–712CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Hernández-Montoya V, Pérez-Cruz MA, Mendoza-Castillo DI, Moreno-Virgen MR, Bonilla-Petriciolet A (2013) Competitive adsorption of dyes and heavy metals on zeolitic structures. J Environ Manag 116:213–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Hoag GE, Collins JB, Holcomb JL, Hoag JR, Nadagouda MN, Varma RS (2009) Degradation of bromothymol blue by ‘greener’ nano-scale zero-valent iron synthesized using tea polyphenols. J Mater Chem 19(45):8671–8677CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Huang M, Xu C, Wu Z, Huang Y, Lin J, Wu J (2008) Photocatalytic discolorization of methyl orange solution by Pt modified TiO2 loaded on natural zeolite. Dyes Pigments 77:327–334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Huang C-C, Lo S-L, Lien H-L (2012) Zero-valent copper nanoparticles for effective dechlorination of dichloromethane using sodium borohydride as a reductant. Chem Eng J 203:95–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Hunger K (2003) Industrial dyes: chemistry, properties, applications. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  44. Ijaz F, Shahid S, Khan SA, Ahmad W, Zaman S (2017) Green synthesis of copper oxide nanoparticles using Abutilon indicum leaf extract: antimicrobial, antioxidant and photocatalytic dye degradation activities. Trop J Pharm Res 16(4):743–753CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Iravani S, Korbekandi H, Mirmohammadi SV, Zolfaghari B (2014) Synthesis of silver nanoparticles: chemical, physical and biological methods. Res Pharm Sci 9(6):385–406PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  46. Issaabadi Z, Nasrollahzadeh M, Sajadi SM (2017) Green synthesis of the copper nanoparticles supported on bentonite and investigation of its catalytic activity. J Clean Prod 142:3584–3591CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Joseph S, Mathew B (2015) Microwave-assisted green synthesis of silver nanoparticles and the study on catalytic activity in the degradation of dyes. J Mol Liq 204:184–191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Kalaiselvi A, Roopan SM, Madhumitha G, Ramalingam C, Elango G (2015) Synthesis and characterization of palladium nanoparticles using Catharanthus roseus leaf extract and its application in the photo-catalytic degradation. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 135:116–119PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Karthik R, Govindasamy M, Chen SM, Cheng YH, Muthukrishnan P, Padmavathy S, Elangovan A (2017) Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles by using Camellia japonica leaf extract for the electrocatalytic reduction of nitrobenzene and photocatalytic degradation of Eosin-Y. J Photochem Photobiol B Biol 170:164–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Kaushik P, Malik A (2009) Fungal dye decolourization: recent advances and future potential. Environ Int 35(1):127–141PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Khan AU, Khan M, Malik N, Cho MH, Khan MM (2018) Recent progress of algae and blue–green algae-assisted synthesis of gold nanoparticles for various applications. Bioprocess Biosyst Eng 42(1):1–15PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Khataee AR, Pons MN, Zahraa O (2009) Photocatalytic degradation of three azo dyes using immobilized TiO2 nanoparticles on glass plates activated by UV light irradiation: influence of dye molecular structure. J Hazard Mater 168(1):451–457PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Kolya H, Maiti P, Pandey A, Tripathy T (2015) Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles with antimicrobial and azo dye (Congo red) degradation properties using Amaranthus gangeticus Linn leaf extract. JAST 6(1):33. Scholar
  54. Konstantinou IK, Albanis TA (2004) TiO2-assisted photocatalytic degradation of azo dyes in aqueous solution: kinetic and mechanistic investigations – a review. Appl Catal B Environ 49:1–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Kora AJ, Rastogi L (2015) Green synthesis of palladium nanoparticles using gum ghatti (Anogeissus latifolia) and its application as an antioxidant and catalyst. Arab J Chem 11(7):1097–1106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Kulkarni AA, Bhanage BM (2014) Ag@AgCl nanomaterial synthesis using sugar cane juice and its application in degradation of azo dyes. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 2(4):1007–1013CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Kulkarni R, Harip S, Kumar AR, Deobagkar D, Zinjarde S (2018) Peptide stabilized gold and silver nanoparticles derived from the mangrove isolate Pseudoalteromonas lipolytica mediate dye decolorization. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 555:180–190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Kumar P, Govindaraju M, Senthamilselvi S, Premkumar K (2013) Photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange dye using silver (Ag) nanoparticles synthesized from Ulva lactuca. Colloids Surf B: Biointerfaces 103:658–661PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Kumar V, Singh DK, Mohan S, Hasan SH (2016) Photo-induced biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using aqueous extract of Erigeron bonariensis and its catalytic activity against Acridine Orange. J Photochem Photobiol B Biol 155:39–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Lachheb H, Puzenat E, Houas A, Ksibi M, Elaoui E, Guillard G, Hermann JM (2002) Photocatalytic degradation of various types of dyes (alizarin S, crecein Orange G, methyl red, congo red, methylene blue) in water by UV-irradiated titania. Appl Catal B Environ 39:75–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Le Coz CJ (2005) Dyes. In: Encyclopedia of toxicology, 2nd edn. Elsevier, New York, pp 104–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Li WY, Chen FF, Wang SL (2010) Binding of reactive brilliant red to human serum albumin: insights into the molecular toxicity of sulfonic azo dyes. Protein Pept Lett 17(5):621–629PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Lirdprapamongkol K, Warisnoicharoen W, Soisuwan S, Svasti J (2010) Eco-friendly synthesis of fucoidan-stabilized gold nanoparticles. Am J Appl Sci 7(8):1038CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Liu YS, Chang YC, Chen HH (2018) Silver nanoparticle biosynthesis by using phenolic acids in rice husk extract as reducing agents and dispersants. J Food Drug Anal 26(2):649–656PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Lvarez-Corral M, Munoz-Dorado M, Rodríguez-García I (2008) Silver-mediated synthesis of heterocycles. Chem Rev 108:3174–3198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Malik R, Ramteke DS, Wate SR (2007) Adsorption of malachite green on groundnut shell waste based powdered activated carbon. Waste Manag 27(9):1129–1138PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Mata R, Bhaskaran A, Sadras SR (2016) Green-synthesized gold nanoparticles from Plumeria alba flower extract to augment catalytic degradation of organic dyes and inhibit bacterial growth. Particuology 24:78–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Meenakumari M, Philip D (2015) Degradation of environment pollutant dyes using phytosynthesized metal nanocatalysts. Spectrochim Acta Part A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 135:632–638CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Merouani S, Hamdaoui O, Saoudi F, Chiha M (2010) Sonochemical degradation of Rhodamine B in aqueous phase: effects of additives. Chem Eng J 158(3):550–557CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Mishra M, Kumari S, Pandey V, Chaudhry KC, Gupta CS, Nautiyal CS (2014) Biocatalytic and antimicrobial activities of gold nanoparticles synthesized by Trichoderma sp. Bioresour Technol 166:235–242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Mohan N, Balasubramanian N, Basha CA (2007) Electrochemical oxidation of textile wastewater and its reuse. J Hazard Mater 147(1–2):644–651PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Nadaf NY, Kanase SS (2016) Biosynthesis of gold nanoparticles by Bacillus marisflavi and its potential in catalytic dye degradation. Arab J Chem. Scholar
  73. Nadagouda MN, Speth TF, Varma RS (2011) Microwave-assisted green synthesis of silver nanostructures. Acc Chem Res 44(7):469–478PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Naik GK, Mishra PM, Parida K (2013) Green synthesis of Au/TiO2 for effective dye degradation in aqueous system. Chem Eng J 229:492–497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Narayanan KB, Park HH (2015) Homogeneous catalytic activity of gold nanoparticles synthesized using turnip (Brassica rapa L.) leaf extract in the reductive degradation of cationic azo dye. Korean J Chem Eng 32(7):1273–1277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Narayanan KB, Sakthivel N (2011) Synthesis and characterization of nano-gold composite using Cylindrocladium floridanum and its heterogeneous catalysis in the degradation of 4-nitrophenol. J Hazard Mater 189(1–2):519–525PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Narayanan KB, Park HH, Han SS (2015) Synthesis and characterization of biomatrixed-gold nanoparticles by the mushroom Flammulina velutipes and its heterogeneous catalytic potential. Chemosphere 141:169–175PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Nasrollahzadeh M, Atarod M, Jaleh B, Gandomirouzbahani M (2016) In situ green synthesis of Ag nanoparticles on graphene oxide/TiO2 nanocomposite and their catalytic activity for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol, congo red and methylene blue. Ceram Int 42(7):8587–8596CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Nasrollahzadeh M, Sajjadi M, Maham M, Sajadi SM, Barzinjy AA (2018) Biosynthesis of the palladium/sodium borosilicate nanocomposite using Euphorbia milii extract and evaluation of its catalytic activity in the reduction of chromium (VI), nitro compounds and organic dyes. Mater Res Bull 102:24–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Nethravathi PC, Kumar MP, Suresh D, Lingaraju K, Rajanaika H, Nagabhushana H, Sharma SC (2015) Tinospora cordifolia mediated facile green synthesis of cupric oxide nanoparticles and their photocatalytic, antioxidant and antibacterial properties. Mat Sci Semicon Proc 33:81–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Nguyen TTN, Vo TT, Nguyen BNH, Nguyen DT, Dang VS, Dang CH, Nguyen TD (2018) Silver and gold nanoparticles biosynthesized by aqueous extract of burdock root, Arctium lappa as antimicrobial agent and catalyst for degradation of pollutants. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25(34):34247–34261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Ojo SA, Lateef A, Azeez MA, Oladejo SM, Akinwale AS, Asafa TB, Yekeen TA, Akinboro A, Oladipo IC, Gueguim-Kana EB, Beukes LS (2016) Biomedical and catalytic applications of gold and silver-gold alloy nanoparticles biosynthesized using cell-free extract of Bacillus safensis LAU 13: antifungal, dye degradation, anti-coagulant and thrombolytic activities. IEEE Trans Nanobioscience 15(5):433–442PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Padhi BS (2012) Pollution due to synthetic dyes toxicity and carcinogenicity studies and remediation. Int J Environ Sci 3(3):940–955Google Scholar
  84. Pandey S, Goswami GK, Nanda KK (2012) Green synthesis of biopolymer–silver nanoparticle nanocomposite: an optical sensor for ammonia detection. Int J Biol Macromol 51(4):583–589PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Paul B, Bhuyan B, Purkayastha DD, Dey M, Dhar SS (2015) Green synthesis of gold nanoparticles using Pogostemon benghalensis (B) O. Ktz. leaf extract and studies of their photocatalytic activity in degradation of methylene blue. Mater Lett 148:37–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Prasad R (2014) Synthesis of silver nanoparticles in photosynthetic plants. Journal of Nanoparticles, Article ID 963961,
  87. Prasad R (2016) Advances and Applications through Fungal Nanobiotechnology. Springer, International Publishing Switzerland (ISBN: 978-3-319-42989-2)Google Scholar
  88. Prasad R, Pandey R, Barman I (2016) Engineering tailored nanoparticles with microbes: quo vadis. WIREs Nanomed Nanobiotechnol 8:316–330. doi: Scholar
  89. Prasad R (2017) Fungal Nanotechnology: Applications in Agriculture, Industry, and Medicine. Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. (ISBN 978-3-319-68423-9)Google Scholar
  90. Prasad R, Aranda E (2018) Approaches in Bioremediation. Springer International Publishing
  91. Prasad R, Jha A, Prasad K (2018) Exploring the Realms of Nature for Nanosynthesis. Springer International Publishing (ISBN 978-3-319-99570-0)
  92. Prasad R, Kumar V, Kumar M, Wang S (2018a) Fungal Nanobionics: Principles and Applications. Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. (ISBN 978-981-10-8666-3)
  93. Princy KF, Gopinath A (2018) Optimization of physicochemical parameters in the biofabrication of gold nanoparticles using marine macroalgae Padina tetrastromatica and its catalytic efficacy in the degradation of organic dyes. J Nanostructure Chem 8(3):333–342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Priyom B, Uma Gowrie S (2017) Mycosynthesis, optimisation and characterization of silver nanoparticles by endophytic fungus isolated from the root of Casuarina junghuhniana Miq. nt. J Pharm Sci Rev Res 43(1):107–115Google Scholar
  95. Qu Y, Pei X, Shen W, Zhang X, Wang J, Zhang Z, Li S, You S, Ma F, Zhou J (2017) Biosynthesis of gold nanoparticles by Aspergillus sp. WL-Au for degradation of aromatic pollutants. Physica E Low Dimens Syst Nanostruct 88:133–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Rajan A, Vilas V, Philip D (2015) Studies on catalytic, antioxidant, antibacterial and anticancer activities of biogenic gold nanoparticles. J Mol Liq 212:331–339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Rao CNR, Kulkarni GU, Thomas PJ, Edwards PP (2003) Size-dependent chemistry: properties of nanocrystals. In: Advances in chemistry: a selection of CNR Rao’s Publications (1994–2003), pp 227–233Google Scholar
  98. Rengaraj S, Li XZ (2007) Enhanced photocatalytic reduction reaction over Bi3+–TiO2 nanoparticles in presence of formic acid as a hole scavenger. Chemosphere 66:930–939PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Roy K, Sarkar CK, Ghosh CK (2015a) Photocatalytic activity of biogenic silver nanoparticles synthesized using yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) extract. Appl Nanosci 5(8):953–959CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Roy K, Sarkar CK, Ghosh CK (2015b) Photocatalytic activity of biogenic silver nanoparticles synthesized using potato (Solanum tuberosum) infusion. Spectrochim Acta Part A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 146:286–291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Sankar R, Manikandan P, Malarvizhi V, Fathima T, Shivashangari KS, Ravikumar V (2014) Green synthesis of colloidal copper oxide nanoparticles using Carica papaya and its application in photocatalytic dye degradation. Spectrochim Acta Part A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 121:746–750CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Saquiba M, Tariqa MA, Faisala M, Muneer M (2008) Photocatalytic degradation of two selected dye derivatives in aqueous suspensions of titanium dioxide. Desalination 219:301–311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Selvam GG, Sivakumar K (2015) Phycosynthesis of silver nanoparticles and photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange dye using silver (Ag) nanoparticles synthesized from Hypnea musciformis (Wulfen) JV Lamouroux. Appl Nanosci 5(5):617–622CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Shahwan T, Sirriah SA, Nairat M, Boyaci E, Eroğlu AE, Scott TB, Hallam KR (2011) Green synthesis of iron nanoparticles and their application as a Fenton-like catalyst for the degradation of aqueous cationic and anionic dyes. Chem Eng J 172(1):258–266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Sleiman M, Vildozo D, Ferronato C, Chovelon JM (2007) Photocatalytic degradation of azo dye Metanil Yellow: optimization and kinetic modeling using a chemometric approach. Appl Catal B Environ 77:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Sreekanth TVM, Jung MJ, Eom IY (2016) Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles, decorated on graphene oxide nanosheets and their catalytic activity. Appl Surf Sci 361:102–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Srinath BS, Namratha K, Byrappa K (2018) Eco-friendly synthesis of gold nanoparticles by Bacillus subtilis and their environmental applications. Adv Sci Lett 24(8):5942–5946CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Srivastava N, Mukhopadhyay M (2014) Biosynthesis of SnO2 nanoparticles using bacterium Erwinia herbicola and their photocatalytic activity for degradation of dyes. Ind Eng Chem Res 53(36):13971–13979CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Stylidi M, Kondarides DI, Verykios XE (2003) Pathways of solar light-induced photocatalytic degradation of azo dyes in aqueous TiO2 suspension. Appl Catal B Environ 40:271–286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Sun J, Wang X, Sun J, Sun R, Sun S, Qiao L (2006) Photocatalytic degradation and kinetics of Orange G using nano-sized Sn(IV)/TiO2/AC photocatalyst. J Mol Catal A Chem 260:241–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Sun J, Qiao L, Sun S, Wang G (2008) Photocatalytic degradation of Orange G on nitrogen-doped TiO2 catalysts under visible light and sunlight irradiation. J Hazard Mater 155:312–319PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Suresh D, Nethravathi PC, Rajanaika H, Nagabhushana H, Sharma SC (2015a) Green synthesis of multifunctional zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles using Cassia fistula plant extract and their photodegradative, antioxidant and antibacterial activities. Mat Sci Semicon Proc 31:446–454CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Suresh D, Shobharani RM, Nethravathi PC, Kumar MP, Nagabhushana H, Sharma SC (2015b) Artocarpus gomezianus aided green synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles: luminescence, photocatalytic and antioxidant properties. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 141:128–134PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Tamuly C, Hazarika M, Das J, Bordoloi M, Borah DJ, Das MR (2014) Bio-derived CuO nanoparticles for the photocatalytic treatment of dyes. Mater Lett 123:202–205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Teimouri M, Khosravi-Nejad F, Attar F, Saboury AA, Kostova I, Benelli G, Falahati M (2018) Gold nanoparticles fabrication by plant extracts: synthesis, characterization, degradation of 4-nitrophenol from industrial wastewater, and insecticidal activity – a review. J Clean Prod 184:740–753CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Tripathi RM, Shrivastav BR, Shrivastav A (2018) Antibacterial and catalytic activity of biogenic gold nanoparticles synthesised by Trichoderma harzianum. IET Nanobiotechnol 12(4):509–513PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Umamaheswari C, Lakshmanan A, Nagarajan NS (2018) Green synthesis, characterization and catalytic degradation studies of gold nanoparticles against congo red and methyl orange. J Photochem Photobiol B Biol 178:33–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Veisi H, Azizi S, Mohammadi P (2018) Green synthesis of the silver nanoparticles mediated by Thymbra spicata extract and its application as a heterogeneous and recyclable nanocatalyst for catalytic reduction of a variety of dyes in water. J Clean Prod 170:1536–1543CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Vilas V, Philip D, Mathew J (2016) Biosynthesis of Au and Au/Ag alloy nanoparticles using Coleus aromaticus essential oil and evaluation of their catalytic, antibacterial and antiradical activities. J Mol Liq 221:179–189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Vinothkannan M, Karthikeyan C, Kim AR, Yoo DJ (2015) One-pot green synthesis of reduced graphene oxide (RGO)/Fe3O4 nanocomposites and its catalytic activity toward methylene blue dye degradation. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 136:256–264PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Wang KH, Hsieh YH, Wu CH, Chang CY (2000) The pH and anion effects on the heterogeneous photocatalytic degradation of O-methylbenzoic acid in TiO2 aqueous suspension. Chemosphere 40:389–394PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Wawrzkiewicz M (2012) Comparison of the efficiency of Amberlite IRA 478RF for acid, reactive, and direct dyes removal from aqueous media and wastewaters. Ind Eng Chem Res 51(23):8069–8078CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Wei CH, Tang XH, Liang JR, Tan S (2007) Preparation, characterization and photocatalytic activity of boron- and cerium-codoped TiO2. J Environ Sci 19:90–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Weng X, Huang L, Chen Z, Megharaj M, Naidu R (2013) Synthesis of iron-based nanoparticles by green tea extract and their degradation of malachite. Ind Crop Prod 51:342–347CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Wiley B, Sun Y, Xia Y (2007) Synthesis of silver nanostructures with controlled shapes and properties. Acc Chem Res 40(10):1067–1076PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. Yamamoto Y (2008) Silver-catalyzed Csp− H and Csp− Si bond transformations and related processes. Chem Rev 108(8):3199–3222PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. Yu H, Zheng X, Yin Z, Tao F, Fang B, Hou K (2007) Preparation of nitrogen-doped TiO2 nanoparticle catalyst and its catalytic activity under visible light. Chin J Chem Eng 15(6):802–807CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Zhang S, Zhang C, Liu M, Huang R, Su R, Qi W, He Z (2018) Poly (γ-glutamic acid) promotes enhanced dechlorination of p-chlorophenol by Fe-Pd nanoparticles. Nanoscale Res Lett 13(1):219. Scholar
  129. Zhiyong Y, Bensimon M, Sarria V, Stolitchnov I, Jardim W, Laub D, Mielczarski E, Mielczarski J, Kiwi-Minsker L, Kiwi J (2007) ZnSO4–TiO2 doped catalyst with higher activity in photocatalytic processes. Appl Catal B Environ 76:185–195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. Zhiyong Y, Keppner H, Laub D, Mielczarski E, Mielczarski J, Kiwi-Minsker L, Renken A, Kiwi J (2008) Photocatalytic discoloration of Methyl Orange on innovative parylene–TiO2 flexible thin films under simulated sunlight. Appl Catal B Environ 79:63–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abhishek Mundaragi
    • 1
  • Prashantkumar Chakra
    • 1
  • Om Prakash
    • 2
  • Ravichandra Hospet
    • 3
  • Devarajan Thangadurai
    • 3
  • Jeyabalan Sangeetha
    • 4
  • Shivanand Bhat
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyDavangere UniversityDavangereIndia
  2. 2.Department of Fruits and Vegetables TechnologyCSIR-Central Food Technological Research InstituteMysoreIndia
  3. 3.Department of BotanyKarnatak UniversityDharwadIndia
  4. 4.Department of Environmental ScienceCentral University of KeralaKasaragodIndia
  5. 5.Department of BotanyGovernment Arts and Science CollegeKarwar, Uttar KannadaIndia

Personalised recommendations