Pioneers of Animal Advocacy in the Nineteenth and the Early Twentieth Centuries

  • László Erdős


The nineteenth century witnessed an increasing compassion for animals. In 1824, the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, the world’s first animal advocacy organisation was founded in England. In 1866, Henry Bergh set up the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. Major works on animal advocacy were published, including ‘Animals’ Rights Considered in Relation to Social Progress’ by Henry Stephens Salt. The anti-vivisection movement was at its peak. This fruitful period continues to influence today’s animal advocacy efforts.


ASPCA RSPCA Arthur Broome Lewis Gompertz Henry Bergh Caroline Earle White Henry Stephens Salt 

Worth Reading

  1. Beers, D. L. (2006). For the prevention of cruelty: The history and legacy of animal rights activism in the United States. Athens: Swallow Press/Ohio University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Furstinger, N. (2016). Mercy: The incredible story of Henry Bergh, founder of the ASPCA and friend to animals. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.Google Scholar
  3. Phelps, N. (2007). The longest struggle: Animal advocacy from Pythagoras to PETA. New York: Lantern Books.Google Scholar
  4. Salt, H. S. (2009). Animals’ rights considered in relation to social progress. Ithaca: Cornell University Library.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • László Erdős
    • 1
  1. 1.MTA-DE Lendület Functional and Restoration Ecology Research Group, DebrecenInstitute of Ecology and Botany MTA Centre for Ecological ResearchVácrátótHungary

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