Application of Remote-Sensing Techniques for Water-Resources Investigations in the UAE
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The remote-sensing (RS) technique, uniformity coefficient (Cu) and infiltration capacity (Ic) were used for the classification of Quaternary clastic sediments southwest of Al Ain City, eastern UAE.
About 75 sand and gravel samples were collected from sand dunes and interdune areas for grain-size analysis and hydraulic-conductivity measurement. Measurements of infiltration rates (Ir) were carried out in 27 sites during sampling with the use of a double ring infiltrometer.
The interdune areas were classified into four classes: standing water (C1), >50% moisture (C2), 5–25% moisture (C3) and <25% moisture (C4), while sand dunes were distinguished into C5 in the east, C6 in the middle and C7 in the west, with increasing sand sorting, and hydraulic properties, from east to west.
Remote-sensing indicated that the evaporation rate from standing surface water and shallow groundwater in the investigated area is 6.35 Mm3/year.
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