Efficient Lightning Protection of a Gas Insulated Substation Replacing an Air-Insulated Substation

  • Constantin BalzerEmail author
  • Volker Hinrichsen
  • Wolfgang Tausend
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 598)


This contribution highlights a procedure that aims at assessing the different possibilities to improve the lightning performance of an overhead line, connected to a substation that will be transformed from air- to gas-insulated. Therefore, the probability of a shielding failure was first calculated for each span width, using the simplified electro-geometrical model. Then, the overvoltages arising from these shielding failures were calculated using transient simulations. Special attention was paid to the implementation of the dynamic flashover characteristics of the insulators as well as corona-damping effects, as they will significantly influence the outcome of the calculations. It was found that both, a reinforced ground wire protection as well as the installation of line surge arresters at the first tower can drastically reduce the probability of overvoltages within the GIS. If the first option is chosen, an efficient length can be chosen with the help of the calculated probability density functions, sorted after the point of origin of the lighting strike.


Statistical insolation coordination Lightning protection 


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    IEC 60071-1 Edition 8.0 (2006-01) + Amendment 1 (2009-09): Insulation co-ordination – Part 1: Definitions, principles and rulesGoogle Scholar
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    IEC 60071-2 Edition 4.0 (2016-03): Insulation co-ordination – Part 2: Application guideGoogle Scholar
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    CIGRE WG 33.01: Guide to procedures for estimating the lightning performance of transmission lines, CIGRE Technical Brochure No. 63, Paris (1991)Google Scholar
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    IEC TR 60071-4: Insulation co-ordination – Part 4: Computational guide to insulation co-ordination and modelling of electrical networksGoogle Scholar
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    Horváth, T.: The protected space proved to be an undefined term. In: 2012 International Conference on Lightning Protection (ICPL), Vienna, Austria, 2–7 September 2012 (2012)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Constantin Balzer
    • 1
    Email author
  • Volker Hinrichsen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wolfgang Tausend
    • 2
  1. 1.TU Darmstadt High Voltage LaboratoriesDarmstadtGermany
  2. 2.Transnet BWStuttgartGermany

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