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Veterans Treatment Courts

  • Janice D. McCallEmail author
  • Benjamin Pomerance
Chapter

Abstract

Treatment courts, also known as problem-solving courts, offer an alternative to incarceration in the form of mandated individualized treatment. Veterans Treatment Courts (VTCs) emphasize the criminal justice goal of sustainable rehabilitation rather than mere incarceration, seeking to restore the Veteran as a productive member of society instead of taking the costly step of removing the Veteran from society through imprisonment. In this chapter, we discuss Veterans Treatment Courts (VTCs), the fastest-growing variety of specialized court in the United States (Baldwin and Brooke, Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 58:1–29, 2019). Today, there are at least 461 operational VTCs and Veterans dockets within drug, mental health, or criminal courts. This chapter builds on this book’s important body of work and presents to you what is known about VTC participant characteristics, delves into the origins and history of VTCs and other problem-solving courts, reviews known outcomes of VTCs, and presents the complications and criticism that arise in the delivery of the VTC model around the United States.

Keywords

Veterans Criminal justice Diversion Problem-solving courts Treatment courts Substance use Mental illness 

Abbreviations

ACLU

American Civil Liberties Union

AUDIT

Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test

DAST

Drug Abuse Screening Test

DAV

Disabled American Veterans

DoD

Department of Defense

DWI

Driving while intoxicated

IOM

Institute of Medicine

MOAS

Modified Overt Aggression Scale

NADCP

National Association of Drug Court Professionals

NIJ

National Institute of Justice

OEF

Operation Enduring Freedom

OIF

Operation Iraqi Freedom

PCL

PTSD Checklist

PHQ

Patient Health Questionnaire

PTSD

Posttraumatic stress disorder

SDVTRC

San Diego, California, Veterans Treatment Review Calendar

U.S.

United States

VA

Department of Veterans Affairs

VJO

Veterans Justice Outreach

VTC

Veterans Treatment Court

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social WorkCalifornia University of PennsylvaniaCaliforniaUSA
  2. 2.New York State Division of Veterans’ ServicesAlbanyUSA

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