• Filipe Nobre Faria
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Classical Liberalism book series (PASTCL)


The conclusion summarises the main points of this work. The book concludes that liberal institutions ultimately weaken their social groups in the evolutionary process of inter-group competition. Public choice theorists suggested that market liberalism could solve the problems of western liberal democracies. But free markets are not a solution to the problems of liberal democracy because both market and democratic liberal institutions rest on the liberal satisfaction of preferences, an ethic which hurts group evolutionary fitness.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Filipe Nobre Faria
    • 1
  1. 1.Nova University of LisbonLisbonPortugal

Personalised recommendations