Perspectives on Interpersonal Relationships in the Family

  • Peter C. Kratcoski
  • Lucille Dunn Kratcoski
  • Peter Christopher Kratcoski


A number of changes in contemporary society have been identified as affecting the American family structure and practices. The dynamic balance in the interaction of family members, known as homeostasis, may be achieved by different mechanisms, depending on the lifestyles and role ascriptions of the members of the family. However, if one or more members of the unit do not accept his or her role, or is incapable of assuming the responsibilities ascribed to the role, the family unit can become disrupted and dysfunctional. Psychological disruption of the family unit through alcoholism, mental illness, emotional disturbances of parents, extreme anxiety resulting from financial difficulties, and physical or psychological conflict between parents are factors that have been shown to be associated with the delinquency of the children in a family. A number of researchers have established a relationship between parental rejection and aggressive delinquent behavior. The importance of the father in delinquency prevention has also been stressed.


Socialization Family structure Dysfunctional family Parental rejection Child abuse Homeostasis 


  1. Akron Beacon Journal. (1994). (p. B1).Google Scholar
  2. Barrett, M., & Turner, V. (2006). Family structure and substance use with problems in adolescence and early childhood. Addiction, 101(1), 109–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bernard, W. (1949). Jail bait. New York: Breenberg.Google Scholar
  4. Bokan, D. (1982). Adolescence in America: From idea to social fact. In D. Rojek & G. Jensen (Eds.), Readings in juvenile delinquency. Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath.Google Scholar
  5. Clark, M. (1996). Brief-solution-focused work: A strength-based method for juvenile justice practice. Juvenile and Family Court Journal, 47(1), 57–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cole, L. (1974). Our children’s keepers. Greenwich, CT: Fawcett.Google Scholar
  7. Getting, E., & Donnermeyer, J. (1998). Primary socialization theory; the etiology of drug use and deviance. Substance Use and Misuse, 33, 999–1026.Google Scholar
  8. Higgins, G., Ricketts, M., Marceem, C., & Mahoney, M. (2010). Primary socialization theory: An exploratory study of delinquent trajectories. Criminal Justice Studies, 23(2), 133–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hope, T. (2003). Do families matter. In T. Calhoun & C. Chapple (Eds.), Readings in juvenile delinquency and juvenile justice (pp. 180–196). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  10. Kjeldal, S. (2004). Susan Smith and her children: A reasoning dialectic. Critical Criminology, 12(30), 265–228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kratcoski, P. (1987). Families who kill, Marriage and Family Review, 12. ½. Pp. 47–70.Google Scholar
  12. Kratcoski, P., & Kratcoski, L. D. (1986). Juvenile delinquency (2nd ed.). Englewood, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  13. Lamb, K. (1995). The causal factors of crime: Understanding the subculture of violence. The Mankind Quarterly, 36, 105–116.Google Scholar
  14. Levin, K., Kirby, J., & Carrie, C. (2012). Adolescent risk behaviors and mealtime routines: Does family meal frequency alter the association between family structure and risk behavior? Health Education Research, 27(1), 24–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lurie, T. (1993). Fathers and families; forging ties that bind. USA Today, 121(257), 30–33.Google Scholar
  16. Mann, C. R. (1996). When women kill. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  17. Mezey, S. (1996). Children in court. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  18. National Conference Commissioner on Uniform State Law (1970, 1973, 1998). Washington, D.C.: U.S Department of Justice.Google Scholar
  19. Rojek, D., & Jensen, G. (1982). The social history of delinquency. In D. Rojek & G. jenson (Eds.), Readings in juvenile delinquency (pp. 25–37). Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath.Google Scholar
  20. Rothman, D. (1971). The discovery of the asylum. Boston: Little Brown.Google Scholar
  21. Straus, M. A. (1994). Beating the devil out of them. New York: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
  22. Summit County Juvenile Court (2019). The family resource center (pp. 1–2). Accessed 13 July 2019.Google Scholar
  23. Thaxton, S., & Agnew, R. (2004). The nonlinear effect of parental and teacher attachment on delinquency: Disentangling strain from social control explanations. Justice Quarterly, 21(4), 763–789.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Thijs, P., VanDyk, I., Stoof, R., & Natascha, N. (2015). Adolescent problem behavior: The gender gap in European perspective. European Journal of Criminology, 2(5), 598–615.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. URSA Institute. (1981). Characteristics of successful programs for the serious juvenile offender, issues and strategies / special report. San Francisco, CA: URSA Institute.Google Scholar
  26. Van Voorhis, P., Cullen, F., Mathers, R., & Chenoweth Garner, C. (1988). The impact of family structure and quality on delinquency: A comparative assessment of structural and functional factors. Criminology, 26(2), 235–262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Wells, L. E., & Rankin, J. H. (1988). Direct parental controls and delinquency. Criminology, 26(2 (May)), 263–286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter C. Kratcoski
    • 1
  • Lucille Dunn Kratcoski
    • 2
  • Peter Christopher Kratcoski
    • 3
  1. 1.Sociology/Justice StudiesKent State UniversityTallmadgeUSA
  2. 2.TallmadgeUSA
  3. 3.Williams, Welser & Kratcoski LLCKentUSA

Personalised recommendations