Social Organization Perspectives on Delinquency Causation

  • Peter C. Kratcoski
  • Lucille Dunn Kratcoski
  • Peter Christopher Kratcoski


The term social disorganization is used to refer to a society, a community, a group, or even a family in which the normal conventional norms and controls no longer seem to be applicable. Some sociological theories of delinquency place great emphasis on the effects of the environment, particularly poverty, high density of population, lack of stability of residency, and a large amount of crime in the neighborhood, as contributing to delinquency. These theorists also emphasize the lack of opportunity for those who live in such areas. Differential association theory, opportunity theory, and social learning theories state that the physical and social environments for some youths are such that they can learn how to commit crimes, generally from their close friends or members of their family, and accept crime as being normal.


Social organization Social disorganization Social control Strain theory Poverty Socialization Anomie Differential association Environment Social ecology Routine activity theory Opportunity theory 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter C. Kratcoski
    • 1
  • Lucille Dunn Kratcoski
    • 2
  • Peter Christopher Kratcoski
    • 3
  1. 1.Sociology/Justice StudiesKent State UniversityTallmadgeUSA
  2. 2.TallmadgeUSA
  3. 3.Williams, Welser & Kratcoski LLCKentUSA

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