Advertisement

Social-Psychological Theories of Delinquency

  • Peter C. Kratcoski
  • Lucille Dunn Kratcoski
  • Peter Christopher Kratcoski
Chapter

Abstract

The social-psychological theories relating to delinquency causation are presented in this chapter. These theories place a great emphasis on early childhood development, such as moral development, cognitive development, and the development of interpersonal relations. Psychoanalytic theory places emphasis on early childhood experiences and how interpretations in a young person’s progress through emotional development stages might result in deviant behavior. Moral development theories emphasize the importance of the internalization of moral values and the acceptance of responsibility for one’s behavior.

Several personality inventories have been developed to measure personality traits and to identify those traits associated with abnormal behavior and those that are conductive to the development of a person who functions well in society.

Psychopathic individuals, who apparently experience no guilt feelings for their delinquent acts and display no bonds of affection toward others are thought to have experienced extreme emotional deprivation or physical trauma in childhood. Some youths who commit very serious offenses do not have the capacity to distinguish between behavior that is morally and legally acceptable and behavior that is wrong. Typically, these children will be treated by either mental health or child service agencies.

Keywords

Personality Personality traits Psychoanalytic theory Moral development Cognitive development. Psychopath Sociopath Character disorders 

References

  1. Biskup, M., & Cozic, C. (Eds.). (1992). Youth violence. San Diego, CA: Green Haven Press.Google Scholar
  2. Brenner, C. (1955). An elementary textbook of psychoanalysis. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Cleckley, H. M. (1954). Psychopathic states. In S. Arieri (Ed.), American handbook of psychiatry. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  4. Daily Kent Stater. (1992). Boy shoots 7- year-old playmate, September 3, (p. 1).Google Scholar
  5. Erikson, E. (1959). Identity and the life cycle (pp. 35–46). New York: International Universities Press.Google Scholar
  6. Erikson, E. (1968). Identity youth and crisis. New York: Norton.Google Scholar
  7. Foody, K., Bands, P., & Riccard, N. (2019). Teen who charged attackers killed in school shooting (p. A 4). Ohio: Akron Beacon Journal.Google Scholar
  8. Forth, A., & Book, A. (2007). Psychopathy and youth: A valid construction. In H. Harve & J. Yuille (Eds.), The psychopath: Theory, research and practice (pp. 369–387). Mahwah: Erlbuim.Google Scholar
  9. Frick, P., Kimonis, E., Dandreaux, D., & Farrell, J. (2003). The four- year stability of psychopathic traits in non-referred youth. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 21, 713–736.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gerard, R. (1970). Institutional innovations in juvenile corrections. Federal Probation, 34, 4.Google Scholar
  11. Glueck, S., & Glueck, E. (1950). Unraveling delinquency (pp. 281–282). New York: Commonwealth fund.Google Scholar
  12. Hay, C. (2001). Parenting, self-control, and delinquency. A test of self-control theory. Criminology, 39, 707–736.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hirschi, T. (2004). Self control and crime. In R. Baumeister & K. Vohs (Eds.), Handbook of self regulation: Research, t, and application. NY: Guildford Press.Google Scholar
  14. Jesness, C. (1966). The Jesness inventory. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.Google Scholar
  15. Jesness, C. (1984). An empirical approach to offender classification. Contemporary Psychology, 29, 709–720.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kielhl, K., & Hoffman, M. (2011). The criminal psychopath: History, neuroscience, treatment and economics. Jurismetrics, 51, 355–397.Google Scholar
  17. Kohlberg, L. (1963). Moral development and identification. In Child psychology: A yearbook of the national society for the study of education (pp. 277–333). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  18. Kratcoski, P. (2012). Juvenile justice administration. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press/Taylor & Francis Group.Google Scholar
  19. Mc Cord, W., & McCord, J. (1964). The psychopath. Princeton, NJ: D. Van Nostrand.Google Scholar
  20. Perrone, D., Sullivan, C., Pratt, T., & Margaryan, S. (2009). Parental efficiency, self-control, and delinquency: A test of the general theory of crime on a nationally representative sample of youth. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 48, 298–312.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Piaget, J. (1948). The moral development of the child. NY: Free Press.Google Scholar
  22. Pratt, T. (2016). A self-control/life-course theory of criminal behavior. European Journal of Social-Psychological Theories of Delinquency and Criminology, 13(1), 129–145.Google Scholar
  23. Reid, S., & Lee, J. (2018). Confessions of a criminal psychopath: An analysis of the Robert Pickton cell-plant. Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, 33(3), 257–270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Robbins, L. (1966). Deviant children grow up. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins.Google Scholar
  25. Samenow, S. (1984). Inside the criminal mind. New York: Times Books.Google Scholar
  26. Schoenfeld, C. (1975). A psychoanalytic theory of juvenile delinquency. In Peoples, E (Ed.), Readings in correctional casework and counseling. N.Y. Pacific Palisades: CA GoodYear.Google Scholar
  27. Scott, E. S., & Grisso, T. (1997). The evolution of adolescence: A developmental perspective on juvenile justice reform. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 88(1), 137–145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Shakur, S. (1993). Monster: The autobiography of a L.A. gang member. New York: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  29. Shoemaker, D. (2009). Theories of delinquency. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers Inc.Google Scholar
  30. Sorrells Jr., J. (1980). What can be done about juvenile homicide? Crime and Delinquency, 2(April), 423–427.Google Scholar
  31. Steinberg, L., Cauffman, E., & Monahan, K. (2015). Psychosocial maturity and desistance from crime in a sample of serious juvenile offenders. Laurel, MD: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, U.S. Department of Justice.Google Scholar
  32. Van Ness, S. (1987). Theoretical origins of predatory violent phenomenon: A study of juvenile offenders in Ohio. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Kent State University.Google Scholar
  33. Viviano, J. (2019). Ohio suicide rate jumps 24% from 2008 to 2017 (p. A1). Ohio: Akron Beacon Journal.Google Scholar
  34. Weir, K. (2019). Teen suicides (pp. A1–A6). Ohio: Akron Beacon Journal.Google Scholar
  35. White, J. (1989). The troubled adolescent. New York: Pergamon Press.Google Scholar
  36. Yablonsky, L. (1966). The violent gang. Baltimore: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  37. Yochelson, S., & Samenow, S. (1976). The criminal personality (Vol. 1). New York: Jason Aronson.Google Scholar
  38. Zemel, O., Ronel, N., & Einat, T. (2016). The impact of introspection and resilience on abstention and desistance from delinquent behavior among adolescents at risk. European Journal of Criminology, 13(1), 111–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter C. Kratcoski
    • 1
  • Lucille Dunn Kratcoski
    • 2
  • Peter Christopher Kratcoski
    • 3
  1. 1.Sociology/Justice StudiesKent State UniversityTallmadgeUSA
  2. 2.TallmadgeUSA
  3. 3.Williams, Welser & Kratcoski LLCKentUSA

Personalised recommendations