What Next? Back to the Future

  • Aaro Toomela
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Psychology book series (BRIEFSPSYCHOL)


In this chapter, structural-systemic causality theory that can ground metaparadigmatic science is defined. This theory is not new; it grounded continental European psychology already more than century ago but disappeared after North-American behaviorism based psychology became dominant after the WWII. Arguments are provided to support the idea that structural-systemic causality theory is more powerful and may be better suited to ground psychology than the theories of causality followed in psychology today.


Metaparadigmatic psychology Structural-systemic causality 


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© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aaro Toomela
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Natural Sciences and HealthTallinn UniversityTallinnEstonia

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