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Chapter 19: Design of a Bulk Freeze-Thaw Process for Biologics

  • Feroz JameelEmail author
  • Tong Zhu
  • Brittney J. Mills
Chapter
  • 92 Downloads
Part of the AAPS Advances in the Pharmaceutical Sciences Series book series (AAPS, volume 35)

Abstract

Because of their marginal stability in the liquid state, biologic solutions are stored and shipped frozen to enhance stability and operational flexibility for further processing. During the freezing process, protein solutions can undergo denaturation through various pathways depending upon the scale and technologies used. In this chapter, the physics of freezing, various modes of denaturation, and technologies available for large-scale freeze-thaw process are discussed. Practical solutions to address and mitigate the problems are also recommended with illustrations.

Keywords

Freezing Thawing Cryoconcentration Cold denaturation Proteins Controlled rate freeze-thaw Uncontrolled rate freeze-thaw Carboys Celsius bags CryoVessel 

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Copyright information

© American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Formulation Development, New Biological EntitiesAbbVie (United States)North ChicagoUSA

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