Comparative Analysis of the Most Industrialized Cities in Turkey from the Perspective of Industry 4.0

  • Zeynep GerginEmail author
  • Doğan Aybars İlhan
  • Fadime Üney-Yüksektepe
  • Mehmet Güneş Gençyılmaz
  • Uğurcan Dündar
  • Ali İhsan Çavdarlı
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


It can be declared that the adaptation of companies to the new industrial revolution, so called Industry 4.0, is not a choice but an issue of survival. The structure of business processes are changing with the newly introduced, radical and highly value adding technological drivers, such as internet of things, cloud computing, autonomous robots, augmented reality, cyber security system, etc. In the globalized trade markets none of the companies can close their eyes to this new era and ignore the required change in their operations. Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs) have 99.8% enterprise share of Turkey, and consequently have obvious contribution not only to the local economy but also to the global competition strength of the country. In that sense, catching up the fourth industrial revolution has to be the prior agenda of the SMEs, and also of the government institutions and the universities from the perspective of giving the required support. This study is the continuum of the broad research that is initiated in March 2018. The purpose is to identify the current situation of SMEs in Turkey with respect to their various implementations for Industry 4.0 transformation. A specifically designed questionnaire is applied to SME’s with the support of KOSGEB (Small and Medium Sized Enterprises Development Organization), and in this stage of the research, the companies located in four major cities, namely İstanbul, Ankara, İzmir and Bursa, are analyzed and compared. The study aims to find out the level of awareness and readiness of SMEs in these cities and measure their Industry 4.0 scores. The final target is to support the Industry 4.0 implementations by defining the current situation and proposing suitable actions for adaptation based on varying results.


Industry 4.0 Turkish economy Turkish Industry Industry 4.0 scorecard Industrial revolution 



This research is made possible with the support of KOSGEB. The researchers express their gratitude to KOSGEB Management for their support on this study and for the ongoing research to cover all regions of Turkey.

This study is supported by İstanbul Kültür University Technology and Projects Support Unit (TPDB) under the Support Program for National and International Activities (ULEP). Authors would like to thank Istanbul Kültür University [ULEP-2019-U0708/53/15] for funding conference attendance.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zeynep Gergin
    • 1
    Email author
  • Doğan Aybars İlhan
    • 1
  • Fadime Üney-Yüksektepe
    • 1
  • Mehmet Güneş Gençyılmaz
    • 2
  • Uğurcan Dündar
    • 1
  • Ali İhsan Çavdarlı
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Industrial Engineeringİstanbul Kültür UniversityİstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Industrial Engineeringİstanbul Aydın UniversityİstanbulTurkey
  3. 3.KOSGEB Small and Medium Sized Enterprises Development OrganizationAnkaraTurkey

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