Surgical Ablative Lasers and Fractional Microablative Lasers (Far Infrared): Organ Tissue

  • Giovanni Cannarozzo
  • Steven Paul Nisticò
  • Keyvan Nouri
  • Mario Sannino


Pulsed or continuous surgical lasers may be used to achieve ablation with minimal thermal damage. The possible applications of surgical lasers range from resurfacing treatments to vaporization of numerous benign dermatological lesions. CO2 (10,600-nm) and Er:YAG (2940-nm) lasers emit in the far-infrared spectrum. Surgical laser was introduced in the past as a surgical tool capable of vaporizing tissue. Side effects may present as hypertrophic or atrophic scars or hypo- and hyperpigmentation, often reversible.



Special thanks to Dr. Luigi Bennardo, Dr. Ester Del Duca and Dr. Giuseppe Lodi for their precious contribution in editing and revising this chapter.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giovanni Cannarozzo
    • 1
  • Steven Paul Nisticò
    • 2
  • Keyvan Nouri
    • 3
  • Mario Sannino
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of DermatologyUniversity of Rome Tor VergataRomeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Health ScienceMagna Graecia UniversityCatanzaroItaly
  3. 3.Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous SurgeryUniversity of Miami Leonard M. Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA

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