A Hierarchy of Threats

  • John TheodoreEmail author


In this chapter, we examine the crisis to the EU, Eurozone and liberal democracy in Europe as a whole. We look at how both EU institutions and national government are perceived as failing “the people”, due to everything from the debt crisis, austerity programme and migration crisis, together with the impact of social media in fuelling popular dissent on both left and right. Consequently, we make clear the urgent need for reform—in particular, on tackling the perceived anti-democratic regime of Brussels, fears about a European “superstate”. The EU Strategic Agenda for 2019–2024 and the results of the May 2019 EU Parliamentary elections are reviewed highlighting what measures will address immigration concerns and long-term economic growth and well-being.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ManchesterUK

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