• William J. NuttallEmail author
  • Adetokunboh T. Bakenne


This chapter concludes the book. The book stresses the importance of global greenhouse gas emission reductions and the need to aim for deep decarbonisation. While some argue that the path to such a future lies in a shift to renewables-based electrification, this book stresses that there may be a path involving the evolution of today’s fossil fuel industry towards a low-carbon future. Such a pathway might be easier, cheaper and less disruptive than the alternative. Hydrogen appears to be important in all scenarios, but this chapter reminds the reader not to dismiss the role of Mature Hydrogen (see Chap.  1) too easily.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Engineering and InnovationThe Open UniversityMilton KeynesUK
  2. 2.School of Engineering and InnovationThe Open UniversityMilton KeynesUK

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