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Estimate of the Number of People Walking Home After Compliance with Metropolitan Tokyo Ordinance on Measures Concerning Stranded Persons

  • Toshihiro OsaragiEmail author
  • Tokihiko Hamada
  • Maki Kishimoto
Conference paper
  • 260 Downloads
Part of the Progress in IS book series (PROIS)

Abstract

The Metropolitan Tokyo Ordinance on Measures Concerning Stranded Persons (hereafter, the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Ordinance (TMGO)) was enacted in April, 2013 as part of efforts to encourage employers and schools to keep their employees, students, or young children in place, rather than freeing them set out for home when public transportation has been paralyzed by a major earthquake or other disaster. However, whether a person decides to return home or not depends on his or her individual attributes and other factors such as the presence of family members at home, and it is uncertain whether the TMGO will actually be effective in reducing the number of people attempting to return home. Therefore, a survey on individual courses of action after a major earthquake was conducted. This data was employed to construct a probabilistic model for predicting whether an individual will “try to walk home”, “try to return to, or stay in, his/her workplace or school”, or “try to take some other action”, based on the individual’s attributes and the walking distances. This model was applied to person-trip survey data in the Tokyo metropolitan area to estimate the numbers of people walking home after a major earthquake, after which a quantitative prediction of the effectiveness of the TMGO on attempts to return home was made.

Keywords

Ordinance covering measures for stranded persons Questionnaire survey Intention of returning home Nested logit model 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This paper is a part of the research outcomes funded by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number JP17H00843. A portion of this paper was published in the Journal of Architectural Planning and Engineering (Architectural Institute of Japan), in an article entitled “Estimating the Number of People Returning Home on Foot under the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Ordinance” [16].

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Toshihiro Osaragi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tokihiko Hamada
    • 1
  • Maki Kishimoto
    • 1
  1. 1.Tokyo Institute of TechnologyMeguro-ku, TokyoJapan

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