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The Role of Biofilms in Medical Devices and Implants

  • Ankita Srivastava
  • Niharika Chandra
  • Sunil KumarEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Biofilms assume a vital job in medicinal-related contamination, particularly being identified with the embedding of restorative gadgets like intravascular catheters, urinary catheters, dental inserts, breast implants, and orthopedic inserts. Biofilms are an intricate gathering of microbial cells that have the ability to cling to the exopolysaccharide lattices available on the outside of various medicinal gadgets. Currently, biofilm-related contaminations of therapeutic gadgets represent a challenge to the general wellbeing of patients and antagonistically influence the capacity of gadgets. Medicinal inserts that are utilized in oral and orthopedic medical procedures are created utilizing amalgams including hardened steel and titanium. During the last decades, strong efforts have been made to improve osteointegration and prevent bacterial adhesion to these surfaces. The embedding of therapeutics on surface medical structures by different physical and synthetic procedures is designed to improve their surface properties, that is, to encourage bio-combination and furthermore counteract bacterial bonding. Biofilms have great importance for public health because of their role in certain infectious diseases and importance in a variety of device-related infections.

Keywords

Biofilms Bacterial infections Medical devices Implants Healthcare-associated infections 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank Shri Ramswaroop Memorial University, Barabanki, Uttar Pradesh, India for its continuous support and assistance during the course of research work and scientific writing.

Conflict of Interest

None

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ankita Srivastava
    • 1
  • Niharika Chandra
    • 2
  • Sunil Kumar
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Faculty of Bio-SciencesInstitute of Bio-Sciences and Technology, Shri Ramswaroop Memorial UniversityBarabankiIndia
  2. 2.Faculty of BiotechnologyInstitute of Bio-Sciences and Technology, Shri Ramswaroop Memorial UniversityHadauri, Tindola, BarabankiIndia

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