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Chemotaxonomic Implications of Methoxy Flavonoids in Ageratina and Chromolaena

  • Debora Cristina BaldoquiEmail author
  • Adriano Borges Meniqueti
  • Anderson Valdiney Gomes Ramos
  • Maria Helena Sarragiotto
  • Marta Regina Barrotto do Carmo
Chapter
Part of the Sustainable Development and Biodiversity book series (SDEB, volume 24)

Abstract

Flavonoids have been shown to be an important taxonomic marker for the identification of species, genera, tribes or even families. In this chapter, we evaluated the importance of flavonoids as chemotaxonomic marker of Ageratina and Chromolaena, which were previously classified as Eupatorium. The chemotaxonomic study of Ageratina genus showed that flavonoids occur in 28 out of 41 species investigated. Already in Chromolaena, this number is higher, of the 26 Chromolaena species studied, 20 showed the presence of flavonoid, which corroborates the importance of this class of secondary metabolites as chemotaxonomic marker for these genera. Flavonols are the predominant compounds, more than 50% of the flavonoids found in Ageratina and Chromolaena belongs to this class. Furthermore, about 80% of the flavonoids found in these two genera are methoxylated, and the methoxy group is usually attached at C-6, C-7 or/and C-4′. Highly methoxylated flavonoids were described from Ageratina and Chromolaena, however, pentamethoxy flavonoids were obtained exclusively from Chromolaena species. This review confirms that flavonoids are a useful marker for Ageratina and Chromolaena species, especially the mono- and di-methoxylated flavonoids.

Keywords

Asteraceae Eupatorium Ageratina Chromolaena Methoxy flavonoid 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Debora Cristina Baldoqui
    • 1
    Email author
  • Adriano Borges Meniqueti
    • 1
  • Anderson Valdiney Gomes Ramos
    • 1
  • Maria Helena Sarragiotto
    • 1
  • Marta Regina Barrotto do Carmo
    • 2
  1. 1.Departamento de QuímicaUniversidade Estadual de MaringáMaringáBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de Biologia GeralUniversidade Estadual de Ponta GrossaPonta GrossaBrazil

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