Introduction: The Contemporary Era

  • Reinhold KramerEmail author


Given intractable disagreement about ethics that neither tradition nor modernity has been able to mediate, and given important social changes—the ascendancy of individualism, the immersion in cyber-simulations, the decline of religious and political faiths, the push towards globalization and multilateralism—Kramer claims that the term “postmodernity” still usefully describes the continuing decline of grand narratives, from the 1990s to the present. He differentiates the postmodern era from “postmodernism,” a philosophical scepticism that affirms individual and cultural relativity. Rather than focus on theory, Kramer proposes to address a myriad of social changes and to use evolutionary psychology in order to argue that no single answer is possible to the book title’s question. In many ways we are postmodern, and in many ways we aren’t.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.English and Creative WritingBrandon UniversityBrandonCanada

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