Characteristics of Visual Electrophysiology in Inflammatory Disorders

  • Alessandro Iannaccone
  • Alfonso Senatore
  • Wajiha Jurdi Kheir
  • Donnell Creel
  • Minzhong YuEmail author


This chapter summarizes the application of electroretinogram, electrooculogram, and/or visual evoked potential in patients with acute zonal occult outer retinopathy, multiple evanescent white dot syndrome, acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy, birdshot chorioretinopathy, autoimmune retinopathy, and neuroretinopathy.


Electroretinogram Electrooculogram Visual evoked potential Acute zonal occult outer retinopathy (AZOOR) Multiple evanescent white dot syndrome Acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy (APMPPE) Birdshot chorioretinopathy Autoimmune retinopathy Neuroretinopathy 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alessandro Iannaccone
    • 1
  • Alfonso Senatore
    • 1
  • Wajiha Jurdi Kheir
    • 1
  • Donnell Creel
    • 2
  • Minzhong Yu
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Center for Retinal Degenerations and Ophthalmic Genetic Diseases, Duke University School of Medicine, Duke Eye Center, Department of OphthalmologyDurhamUSA
  2. 2.Moran Eye CenterUniversity of Utah School of MedicineSalt Lake CityUSA
  3. 3.Department of OphthalmologyUniversity Hospitals Eye InstituteClevelandUSA

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