Characteristics of Visual Electrophysiology in the Diseases of Optic Nerve or Visual Pathway

  • Minzhong YuEmail author
  • Donnell Creel


This chapter summarizes the application of electrophysiologic tests in diseases associated with optic nerve or higher visual pathway dysfunction. Electrophysiologic test results are shown in amblyopia, Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy, multiple sclerosis, ischemic optic neuropathy, optic neuritis, optic nerve hypoplasia, traumatic optic neuropathy, neurofibromatosis, and optic nerve toxicities that can provide clinicians information for differential diagnoses. In addition, this chapter will help clinicians choose suitable electrophysiologic tests in specific patients.


Visual evoked potential Electroretinogram Electrooculogram Multiple sclerosis Ischemic optic neuropathy Optic neuritis Optic nerve hypoplasia Traumatic optic neuropathy Neurofibromatosis Optic nerve toxicities Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy Amblyopia 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of OphthalmologyUniversity Hospitals Eye InstituteClevelandUSA
  2. 2.Moran Eye CenterUniversity of Utah School of MedicineSalt Lake CityUSA

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