Advertisement

Medicinal Plants in Hydroponic System Under Water-Deficit Conditions—A Way to Save Water

  • Eid M. KorieshEmail author
  • Islam H. Abo El-Soud
Chapter
  • 38 Downloads
Part of the Springer Water book series (SPWA)

Abstract

The production of medicinal plants can be expanded when water is lacking by using selected low irrigation systems. When using deficit irrigation systems, adequate production can be achieved with the least amount of water, that, sometimes can produce more active constituents. The choice of type of hydroponics, as a technique for deficit irrigation, was facilitated by the availability of plant monitor technology and mobile apps to aid farmers in “when,” “where,” “how,” or “what” to plant and precision agriculture. The choice of method is associated with cultivated species, quality of irrigation water and the purpose of production. In general, biostimulants can help plants tolerate water-deficit stresses. These include microbial inoculants, biochemicals, amino acids, humic acids, fulvic acids, plant and seaweed extracts and more. Hydroponic systems are excellent choice as deficit irrigation techniques. In these systems, water is reclaimed and the water consumption decreases to produce the final crop unit and more active compounds.

Keywords

Aquaponics Biostimulators Deficient irrigation Elicitors Hydroponics Irrigation Medicinal plants 

References

  1. 1.
    Omar M, Moussa A (2016) Water management in Egypt for facing the future challenges. J Adv Res 7:403–412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rorabaugh P (2017) Hydroponics page Introduction to Hydroponics and Controlled Environment Agriculture. Controlled Environment Agriculture Center, University of ArizonaGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    FAO. Food and Agricultural Organization (2017). Statement on Water Scarcity in Agriculture. Meeting on 19–20 Apr 2017 at FAO headquarters in Rome, ItalyGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Raviv M, Lieth J (2008) Soilless culture: theory and practice. Working together to grow libraries in developing countries. Plant Science/Agriculture, ELSEVIERGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Schroeder F, Lieth J (2002) Irrigation control in hydroponics. Chapter 11. In: Savvas D, Passam H (eds) Hydroponic production of vegetables and ornamentals. Embryo Publications, Athens Greece, pp 265–298Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lieth J, Oki I (2008) Irrigation in soilless production. Soilless culture, pp 117–156Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Stemeroff J (2017) Irrigation management strategies for medical cannabis in controlled environments. M. Sc. Thesis, The University of Guelph, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wahed RA, Aslam Z, Moutonnet P, Kirda C, Tahir GR (1998) Scheduling for occasional omission of irrigation water for crop production in moisture deficit areas. Pakistan J Bio Sci 1:44–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Falivene SG, Navarro JM, Connolly K (2015) Open hydroponics of citrus compared to conventional drip irrigation best practice: first three years of trialing and Australian experience. Acta Hortic 1065:1705–1712CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Abdelghany A (2009) Study the performance of pulse drip irrigation in organic agriculture for potato crop in sandy soils. Ph.D. Thesis faculty of agriculture Cairo University EgyptGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Azarmi F, Tabatabaie S, Nazemieh H, Dadpour M (2012) Greenhouse production of lemon verbena and valerian using different soilless and soil production systems. J Basic Appl Sci Res 2(8):8192–8195Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Katsoulas N, Kittas C, Dimokas G, Lykas C (2006) Effect of irrigation frequency on rose flower production and quality. Biosyst Eng 93:237–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Giurgiu RM, Morar GA, Dumitraș A, Boancă P, Duda BM, Moldovan C (2014) Study regarding the suitability of cultivating medicinal plants in hydroponic systems in controlled environment. Res J Agri Sci 46(2):84–92Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Giurgiu RM, Morar G, Dumitraș A, Vlăsceanu G, Dune A, Schroeder F (2017) A study of the cultivation of medicinal plants in hydroponic and aeroponic technologies in a protected environment. Acta Hortic 1170:671–678CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Chow Y, Lee LK, Zakaria NA Foo KY (2017) New emerging hydroponic system. In: International Malaysia-Indonesia-Thailand symposium on innovation and creativity (iMIT-SIC), vol 2, pp 1–4Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Maucieri C, Nicoletto C, Junge R, Schmautz Z, Sambo P, Borin M (2018) Hydroponic systems and water management in aquaponics: a review. Italian J Agronomy 13:1012–1022Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Waller P, Yitayew M (2016) Hydroponic irrigation systems. In: Irrigation and drainage engineering. Springer International Publishing Switzerland, pp 369–386Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Khan F, Kurklu A, Ghafoor A, Ali Q, Umair M, Shahzaib M (2018) A review on hydroponic greenhouse cultivation for sustainable agriculture. Int J Agric Environ Food Sci 2(2):59–66Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Valenzano V, Parente A, Serio F, Santamaria P (2008) Effect of growing system and cultivar on yield and water-use efficiency of greenhouse-grown tomato. J Hort Sci Biot 83(1):71–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Al-Tawaha A, Al-Karaki G, Al-Tawaha A, Sirajuddin S, Makhadmeh I, Wahab P, Youssef R, Al Sultan W, Massadeh A (2018) Effect of water flow rate on quantity and quality of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) in nutrient film technique (NFT) under hydroponics conditions. Bulgarian J Agri Sci 24:793–800Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Sardare MD, Shraddha VA (2013) A review on plant without soil-hydroponics. Int J Res Eng Technol 2(3):299–304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Fertinnowa (2017) Transfer of innovative techniques for sustainable water use in fertigated crops. Semi-closed hydroponic system. CORDI. EU research resultsGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Anastasiou A, Ferentinos KP, Arvanitis KG, Sigrimis N (2005) DSS-Hortimed for on-line management of hydroponic systems. Acta Horti 691:267–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Geerts S, Raes D (2009) Deficit irrigation as an on-farm strategy to maximize crop water productivity in dry areas. Agric Water Manage 96:1275–1284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Gruda N, Tanny J (2014) Protected Crops. In: Dixon G, Aldous DE (eds) Horticulture: plants for people and places, Volume 1. Springer, Dordrecht Heidelberg New York London, pp 327–406Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Levidowa L, Zaccariab D, Maiac R, Vivasc E, Todorovicd M, Scardignoda A (2014) Improving water-efficient irrigation: Prospects and difficulties of innovative practices. Agric Water Manag 146:84–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Lee J, Oh M (2017) Mild water deficit increases the contents of bioactive compounds in dropwort. Hort Environ Biot 58:458–466CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Barzegar T, Lotfi H, Rabiei V, Ghahremani Z, Nikbakht J (2017) Effect of water-deficit stress on fruit yield, antioxidant activity, and some physiological traits of four Iranian melon genotypes. Iranian J Hort Sci (Special Issue):13–25Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Soni P, Abdin MZ (2017) Water deficit-induced oxidative stress affects artemisinin content and expression of proline metabolic genes in Artemisia annua L. FEBS Open Bio 25;7(3):367–381Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Khalid K (2006) Influence of water stress on growth, essential oil, and chemical composition of herbs (Ocimum sp.). Int Agrophysics 20:289–296Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Moosavi SG, Seghatoleslami M, Fazeli M, Jouyban Z, Ansarinia E (2014) Effect of water deficit stress and nitrogen fertilizer on flower yield and yield components of marigold (Calendula officinalis L.). Int J Biosci 4:42–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Hund A, Ruta N, Liedgens M (2009) Rooting depth and water use efficiency of tropical maize inbred lines, differing in drought tolerance. Plant Soil 318:311–325CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Fischer R, Rees D, Sayre K, Lu Z-M, Condon A, Saavedra A (2009) Wheat yield progress associated with higher. Plant Soil 318:311–325CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Tátrai Z, Sanoubar R, Pluhár Z, Mancarella S, Orsini F, Gianquinto G (2016) Morphological and physiological plant responses to drought stress in thymus citriodorus. Int J Agr 2016:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Pagliarulo C, Hayden A (2002) Potential for greenhouse aeroponic cultivation of medicinal root crops. College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, The University of Arizona, The Controlled Environment Agricultural CenterGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Hayden A, Giacomelli G, Yokelson T, Hoffmann J (2004) Aeroponics: an alternative production system for high-value root crops. Acta Hort 629:207–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Hayden A, Brigham L, Giacomelli G (2004) Aeroponic cultivation of ginger (Zingiber officinale) rhizomes. Acta Hort 629:397–402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Hayden A (2006) Aeroponic and hydroponic systems for medicinal herb, rhizome, and root crops. HortScience 41(3):536–538CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Mairapetyan S, Alexanyan J, Tadevosyan A, Tovmasyan A, Stepanyan B, Galstyan H, Daryadar M (2018) The productivity of some valuable medicinal plants in conditions of water stream hydroponic. J Agr Sci Food Res 9:237–240Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Mairapetyan S, Alexanyan J, Tovmasyan1 A, Daryadar M, Stepanian B, Mamikonyan V (2016) Productivity, biochemical indices and antioxidant activity of Peppermint (Mentha piperita L.) and basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) in condition of hydroponics. J Sci Technol Environ Inform 3:191–194Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Daryadar M (2015) Water stream hydroponics as a new technology for soilless production of valuable essential oil and medicinal plant peppermint. Acad J Agri Res 3(10):259–263Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Keat C, Kannan C (2015) Development of a cylindrical hydroponics system for vertical farming chow. J Agr Sci Tech B 5:93–100Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Wilson G (2005) Greenhouse aquaponics proves superior to inorganic hydroponics. Aquaponic J. Issue #39 4th quarterGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Woodruff J (2015) Aquaponic farming saves water, but can it feed the country? https://www.pbs.org/newshour/show/aquaponic-farming-saves-water-can-feed-country
  45. 45.
    Ray M (2017) Aquaponics: an interview with sweet water organics’ world watch instituteGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Wilson AL (2004) Aquaponics research at RMIT University, Melbourne Australia. Aquaponic J. Issue #35 4th quarterGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Ahmed A, Yu H, Yang X, Jiang W (2014) Deficit irrigation affects growth, yield, vitamin c content, and irrigation water use efficiency of hot pepper grown in soilless culture. Hort Sci 49(6):722–728CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Strojny Z, Nelson PV, Willitz DH (1998) Pot soil air composition in conditions of high soil moisture and its influence on chrysanthemum growth. Sci Horti 73:125–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Koriesh EM, Khalil AM, Abd El-Fattah YM, Attia K (2009) Application of one system of hydroponics in production of Catharanthus roseus L. G. Don. J. Agric Sci Mansoura Univ 34:6595–6615Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Sonneveld C (1981) Items for application of macro-elements in soilless cultures. Acta Hort 126:187–195Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Kiferle C, Lucchesini M, Mensuali-Sodi A, Maggini R, Raffaelli A, Pardossi A (2011) Rosmarinic acid content in basil plants grown in vitro and in hydroponics. Cent Eur J Biol 6:946–957Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Sgherri C, Cecconami S, Pinzino C, Navari-Izzo F, Izzo R (2010) Levels of antioxidants and nutraceuticals in basil grown in hydroponics and soil. Food Chem 123:416–422CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Hassanpouraghdam M, Tabatabaie S, Nazemiyeh H, Aflatuni A (2008) Essential oil composition of hydroponically grown Chrysanthemum balsamita. J Essent Oil-Bear Plants 11:649–654CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Resh H (2012) Hydroponic food production: a definitive guidebook for the advanced home gardener and the commercial hydroponic grower, 7th edn. CRC, Inc., 560pGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Maggini R, Kiferle C, Lucia G, Andrea R (2012) Growing medicinal plants in hydroponic cultureGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Beyene B, Deribe H (2016) Review on application and management of medicinal plants for the livelihood of the local community. J Resour Dev Manag 22:33–39Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Brown P, Saa S (2015) Biostimulants in agriculture. Front Plant Sci 6:671CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Bulgari R, Cocetta G, Trivellini A, Vernieri P, Ferrante A (2015) Biostimulants and crop responsesa review. Biol Agric Hortic 31:1–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Calvo P, Nelson L, Kloepper JW (2014) Agricultural uses of plant biostimulants. Plant Soil 383:3–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Colla G, Nardi S, Cardarelli M, Ertani A, Lucini L, Canaguier R, Rouphael Y (2015) Protein hydrolysates as biostimulants in horticulture. Sci Horti 196:28–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Koriesh EM, Abd El-Fattah YM, Abo El-Soud IH, Khalil MF (2018) Effects of different nutrient solution formulations supplemented with willow bark or juvenile branches decoction on growth of Coleus plants. HortScience J Suez Canal Univ 7:11–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Koriesh EM, Abo-El-Soud IH, Abd El-Fattah YM, Khalil M (2019) Comparison of nutrient solution formulations supplemented with willow extract on coleus (Plectranthus scutellarioides, (L.) r.br.) grown in sand culture. ii. active constituents (Under publication)Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Povero G, Mejia JF, Tommaso D, Piaggesi A, Warrior P (2016) A systematic approach to discover and characterize natural plant biostimulants. Front Plant Sci 7:435CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Saa S, Olivos-DelRio A, Castro S, Brown PH (2015) Foliar application of microbial and plant based biostimulants increases growth and potassium uptake in almond (Prunus dulcis [Mill] DA Webb). Front Plant Sci 6(87):1–10Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of HorticultureSuez Canal UniversityIsmailiaEgypt

Personalised recommendations