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Harmonisation of Public Enforcement: Basic Powers of the National Competition Authorities, Sanctions, and Leniency Policies

  • Jurgita Malinauskaite
Chapter

Abstract

Since the “modernisation” of EU competition law enforcement through Regulation 1/2003, National Competition Authorities (NCAs) have become the primary enforcers of the European rules on anticompetitive practices. Since 2004–2018 the Commission and the NCAs made 1202 decisions with the NCA producing 1102 of these decisions. Pursuant to the Commission, NCAs have boosted the enforcement of EU competition rules significantly. Yet, each year losses of EUR 181–320 billion accrue because of undiscovered cartels that increase prices by an average of between 17% and 30%. Therefore, the role of NCAs and their tools to apply competition rules is crucial to EU competition enforcement and the functioning of the Internal market.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jurgita Malinauskaite
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Brunel Law SchoolBrunel University LondonUxbridgeUK
  2. 2.Vytautas Magnus UniversityKaunasLithuania

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