Advertisement

Graphene and Graphene Oxide as Nanofiller for Polymer Blends

  • Benalia KouiniEmail author
  • Hossem Belhamdi
Chapter
Part of the Carbon Nanostructures book series (CARBON)

Abstract

Due to its exceptionally outstanding electrical, mechanical, and thermal properties, graphene is being explored for a wide array of applications and has attracted enormous scientific and industrial interest. In this present work, recent research and development of the utilization of graphene and graphene oxide as nanofiller in the fabrication of nanocomposites with different polymer matrices are developed. Most production methods of graphene and the processing of Graphene/polymer blends are discussed. We also review the electrical, mechanical, thermal, and barrier properties of these blends and the influence of the intrinsic properties of these fillers (graphene and its derivatives) and their state of dispersion in polymer matrix on the properties.

Keywords

Graphene oxide Nanofiler Nanocomposite Blend Polymer 

References

  1. 1.
    Huang, J.-C.: Carbon black filled conducting polymers and polymer blends. J. Poly. Proc. Inst. 21, 299 (2002)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Moniruzzaman, M., Winey, K.I.: Macromol 39, 5194 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Okamoto, M.: Polymer/clay nanocomposites, vol. 8. American Scientific Publishers, Stevenson Ranch, CA (2004)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Geim, A.K., Novoselov, K.S.: Nature Mater. 6, 183–191 (2007)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lax, A., Maxwell, R.: Natl. Trust Ann. Archaeol. Rev. 18–23 (1998–1999)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Weinberg, S.S.: The stone age in the Agean, vol. 1, 10th edn. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2007)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Iijima, S.: Nature 354, 56 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kroto, H.W., Heath, J.R.: Nature 318, 1216 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Eizenberg, M., Blakely, J.M.: Surf. Sci. 82, 228 (1979)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Novoselov, K.S., Geim, A.K., Morozov, S., Jiang, D., Zhang, Y.: Science 306, 666 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Fitzer, E., Kochling, K.-H., Boehm, H.P., Marsh, H.: Pure App. Chem 67, 473 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Boehm, H.-P., Stumpp, E.: Carbon 7, 1381 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Brodie, B.C.: Justus Liebigs Annalen Der Chem. 114, 6 (1860)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hummers Jr., W.S., Offeman, R.E.: J. Am. Chem. Soci 80, 1339 (1958)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Boehm, H.P., Clauss, A., Fischer, G.O., Hofmann, U.: Z. Naturforsch. 17, 150 (1962)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Liu, C.-Y., Chang, H., Bard, A.J.: Langmuir 7, 1136 (1991)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lu, X., Yu, M., Huang, H., Ruoff, R.S.: Nanotechnology 10, 269 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Berger, C., Song, Z., Li, T., Li, X., Ogbazghi, A.Y., Feng, R., Dai, Z., Marchenkov, A.N., Conrad, E.H., First, P.N., Phy, J.: Chem. B 108, 19912 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zhang, Y., Small, J.P., Amori, M.E., Kim, P.: Phy. Rev. Lett 94, 176803 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Obeng, Y., Srinivasan, P.: Interface Mag. 20, 47 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Novoselov, K.S., Geim, A.K., Morozov, S.V., Jiang, D., Katsnelson, M.I., Grigorieva, I.V., Dubonos, S.V., Firsov, A.A.: Nature 438, 197 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Katsnelson, M.I., Novoselov, K.S., Geim, A.K.: Nat. Phys. 2, 620 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Staudenmaier, L.: Beric. Deut. Chem. Gese 31, 1481 (1898)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Dreyer, D.R., Park, S., Bielawski, C.W., Ruoff, R.S.: Chem. Soc. Rev. 39 (2010)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Buchsteiner, A., Lerf, A., Pieper, J.: J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 22328 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Dikin, D.A., Stankovich, S., Zimney, E.J., Piner, R.D., Dommett, G.H., Evmenenko, G., Nguyen, S.T., Ruoff, R.S.: Nature 448, 457 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Ruess, V.G., Vogt, F.: Monatsh. Chem. 78 (1948)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Park, S., An, J., Jung, I., Piner, R.D., An, S.J., Li, X., Velamakanni, A., Ruoff, R.S.: Nano Lett. 9, 1593 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Potts, J.R., Dreyer, D.R., Bielawski, C.W., Ruoff, R.S.: Polymer 52, 5 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Xu, Y., Wang, Y., Liang, J., Huang, Y., Ma, Y., Wan, X., Chen, Y.: Nano Res. 2, 343 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Quan, H., Zhang, B., Zhao, Q., Yuen, R.K., Li, R.K.: Compos. Part A: App. Sci. Manuf. 40, 1506 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Eda, G., Chhowalla, M.: Nano Lett. 9, 814 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Liang, J., Xu, Y., Huang, Y., Zhang, L., Wang, Y., Ma, Y., Li, F., Guo, T., Chen, Y.: J. Physi. Chem. C 113, 9921 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Kim, H., Macosko, C.W.: Polymer 50, 3797 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Ramanathan, T., Stankovich, S., Dikin, D.A., Liu, H., Shen, H., Nguyen, S.T., Brinson, L.C., Poly, J.: Sci. Part B: Poly. Phys 45, 2097 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Kim, S., Do, I., Drzal, L.T.: Macromol. Mat. Eng. 294, 196 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Liang, J., Huang, Y., Zhang, L., Wang, Y., Ma, Y., Guo, T., Chen, Y.: Adv. Func. Mat 19, 2297 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Zhao, X., Zhang, Q., Chen, D., Lu, P.: Macromol 43, 2357 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Kalaitzidou, K., Fukushima, H., Drzal, L.T.: Comp. Sci. Tech. 67, 2045 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Zheng, W., Lu, X., Wong, S.C.: J. App. Poly. Sci. 91, 2781 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Zhao, Y.F., Xiao, M., Wang, S.J., Ge, X.C., Meng, Y.Z.: Comp. Sci. Tech. 67, 2528 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Du, X.S., Xiao, M., Meng, Y.Z., Poly, J.: Sci. Part B: Poly. Phys. 42, 1972 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Cho, D., Lee, S., Yang, G., Fukushima, H., Drzal, L.T.: Macromol. Mat. Eng 290, 179 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Kim, H., Miura, Y., Macosko, C.W.: Chem. Mat. 22, 3441 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Li, H., Pang, S., Wu, S., Feng, X., Müllen, K., Bubeck, C.: J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133, 9423 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Cassagneau, T., Fendler, J.H.: Adv. Mater. 10, 877 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Hu, H., Wang, X., Wang, J., Wan, L., Liu, F., Zheng, H., Chen, R., Xu, C.: Chem. Phys. Lett. 484, 247 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Hu, K., Kulkarni, D.D., Choi, I., Tsukruk, V.V.: Prog. Poly. Sci. 39, 1934 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Steinert, B.W., Dean, D.R.: Polymer 50, 898 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Nair, R.R., Blake, P., Grigorenko, A.N., Novoselov, K.S., Booth, T.J., Stauber, T., Peres, N.M.R., Geim, A.K.: Science 320, 1308 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Blake, P., Hill, E.W., Castro Neto, A.H., Novoselov, K.S., Jiang, D., Yang, R., Booth, T.J., Geim, A.K.: Appl. Phys. Lett 91, 063124 (2007)Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Ni, Z.H., Wang, H.M., Kasim, J., Fan, H.M., Yu, T., Wu, Y.H., Feng, Y.P., Shen, Z.X.: Nano Lett. 7, 2758 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Yazyev, O.V., Louie, S.G.: Nat. Mater. 9, 806 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Červenka, J., Katsnelson, M.I., Flipse, C.F.J.: Nat. Phys. 5, 840 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Yazyev, O.V., Louie, S.G.: Phys. Rev B 81, 195420 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Huang, P.Y., Ruiz-Vargas, C.S., van der Zande, A.M., Whitney, W.S., Levendorf, M.P., Kevek, J.W., Garg, S., Alden, J.S., Hustedt, C.J., Zhu, Y., Park, J., McEuen, P.L., Muller, D.A.: Nature 469, 389 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Meyer, J.C., Geim, A.K., Katsnelson, M.I., Novoselov, K.S., Booth, T.J., Roth, S.: Nature 446, 60 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Tung, V.C., Allen, M.J., Yang, Y., Kaner, R.B.: Nat. Nanotechnol 4, 25 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Xu, K., Cao, P., Heath, J.R.: Nano Lett. 9, 4446 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Decker, R., Wang, Y., Brar, V.W., Regan, W., Tsai, H.-Z., Wu, Q., Gannett, W., Zettl, A., Crommie, M.F.: Nano Lett. 11, 2291 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Bao, W., Miao, F., Chen, Z., Zhang, H., Jang, W., Dames, C., Lau, C.N.: Nat. Nano 4, 562 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Xu, B., Yue, S., Sui, Z., Zhang, X., Hou, S., Cao, G., Yang, Y.: Ener. Envi. Sci 4, 2826 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Khanra, P., Kuila, T., Bae, S.H., Kim, N.H., Lee, J.H., Mat, J.: Chem 22, 24403 (2012)Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Graf, D., Molitor, F., Ensslin, K., Stampfer, C., Jungen, A., Hierold, C., Wirtz, L.: Nano Lett. 7, 238 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Ferrari, A.C., Meyer, J.C., Scardaci, V., Casiraghi, C., Lazzeri, M., Mauri, F., Piscanec, S., Jiang, D., Novoselov, K.S., Roth, S., Geim, A.K.: Phys. Rev. Lett 97 (2006)Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    Young, R.J., Kinloch, I.A.: Nanoscience. Nano. Chem. R. Soc. Chem. 1 (2013)Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    Malard, L.M., Pimenta, M.A., Dresselhaus, G., Dresselhaus, M.S.: Phys. Rep. 473, 51 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Eckmann, A., Felten, A., Verzhbitskiy, I., Davey, R., Casiraghi, C.: Phys. Rev B 88, 035426 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Luo, Z., Yu, T., Shang, J., Wang, Y., Lim, S., Liu, L., Gurzadyan, G.G., Shen, Z., Lin, J.: Adv. Func. Mater. 21, 911 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Hernandez, Y., Nicolosi, V., Lotya, M., Blighe, F.M., Sun, Z., De, S., McGovern, I.T., Holland, B., Byrne, M., Gun’Ko, Y.K., Boland, J.J., Niraj, P., Duesberg, G., Krishnamurthy, S., Goodhue, R., Hutchison, J., Scardaci, V., Ferrari, A.C., Coleman, J.N.: Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 563 (2008)Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    Stauffer, D.: Lond. Phil. (1985)Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    Ma, H.M., Gao, X.-L.: Polymer 49, 4230 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Ambrosetti, G., Johner, N., Grimaldi, C., Danani, A., Ryser, P.: Phys. Rev. E 78, 061126 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Rintoul, M.D., Torquato, S.J.: Phys. A: Math. Gen. 30 (1997)Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    Garboczi, E.J., Snyder, K.A., Douglas, J.F., Thorpe, M.F.: Phys. Rev. E 52, 819 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Yi, Y.B., Tawerghi, E.: Phys. Rev. E 79, 041134 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Balberg, I.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1305 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    Quivy, A., Deltour, R., Jansen, A.G., Wyder, P.: Phys. Rev B 39, 1026 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Toker, D., Azulay, D., Shimoni, N., Balberg, I., Millo, O.: Phys. Rev B 68, 041403 (2003)Google Scholar
  80. 80.
    Dasari, A., Yu, Z.-Z., Mai, Y.-W.: Polymer 50, 4112 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Xiao, M., Sun, L., Liu, J., Li, Y., Gong, K.: Polymer 43, 2245 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Zheng, W., Wong, S.C.: Compos. Sci. Tech. 63 (2003)Google Scholar
  83. 83.
    Zhang, H., Park, J.-H., Yoon, K.-B.: Comp. Sci. Tech 154, 85 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    Zhang, H.-B., Zheng, W.-G., Yan, Q., Yang, Y., Wang, J.-W., Lu, Z.-H., Ji, G.-Y., Yu, Z.-Z.: Polymer 51, 1191 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Fang, M., Wang, K., Lu, H., Yang, Y., Nutt, S.: J. Mat. Chem. 19, 7098 (2009).Google Scholar
  86. 86.
    Debelak, B., Lafdi, K.: Carbon 45, 1727 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    Steurer, P., Wissert, R., Thomann, R., Mülhaupt, R.: Macromol. Rapid Commun. 30, 316 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Mittal, V., Chaudhry, A.U., Luckachan, G.E.: Mater. Chem. Phys. 147, 319 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Xu, Y.X., Hong, W.J., Bai, H., Li, C., Shi, G.Q.: Carbon 47 (2009)Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    Liang, J., Huang, Y., Zhang, L., Wang, Y., Ma, Y., Guo, T., Chen, Y.: Adv. Func. Mater. 19, 2297 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    Raghu, A.V., Lee, Y.R., Jeong, H.M., Shin, C.M.: Macromol. Chem. Phys. 209 (2008)Google Scholar
  92. 92.
    Lee, Y.R., Raghu, A.V., Jeong, H.M., Kim, B.K.: Macromol. Chem. Phys. 210 (2009)Google Scholar
  93. 93.
    Wakabayashi, K., Pierre, C., Dikin, D.A., Ruoff, R.S., Ramanathan, T., Brinson, L.C., Torkelson, J.M.: Macromolecules 41, 1905 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    Song, P., Cao, Z., Cai, Y., Zhao, L., Fang, Z., Fu, S.: Polymer 52, 4001 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    Nielsen, L.E.: J. Macromol. Sci. Chem. 1, 929 (1967)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    Cui, Y., Kundalwal, S.I., Kumar, S.: Carbon 98, 313 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    Shim, S.H., Kim, K.T., Lee, J.U., Jo, W.H., Appl, A.C.S.: Mater. Interfaces 4, 4184 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    Morimune, S., Nishino, T., Goto, T., Appl, A.C.S.: Mater. Interfaces 4, 3596 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    Bao, C., Guo, Y., Song, L., Kan, Y., Qian, X., Hu, Y., Mat, J.: Chem 21, 13290 (2011)Google Scholar
  100. 100.
    Xu, Z., Gao, C.: Macromolecules 43, 6716 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    Cai, D., Jin, J., Yusoh, K., Rafiq, R., Song, M.: Comput. Sci. Technol. 72, 702 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    Zhou, T., Chen, F., Tang, C., Bai, H., Zhang, Q., Deng, H., Fu, Q.: Comput. Sci. Technol. 71, 1266 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    Kang, H., Zuo, K., Wang, Z., Zhang, L., Liu, L., Guo, B.: Comput. Sci. Technol. 92, 1 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. 104.
    Zhu, J., Lim, J., Lee, C.-H., Joh, H.-I., Kim, H.C., Park, B., You, N.-H., Lee, S.: J. Appl. Pol. Sci 131 (2014)Google Scholar
  105. 105.
    Huang, H.-D., Ren, P.-G., Chen, J., Zhang, W.-Q., Ji, X., Li, Z.-M.: J. Mem. Sci. 409–410, 156 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    Ren, P.-G., Wang, H., Huang, H.-D., Yan, D.-X., Li, Z.-M.: J. Appl. Pol. Sci. 131 (2014)Google Scholar
  107. 107.
    Bortz, D.R., Heras, E.G., Martin-Gullon, I.: Macromolecules 45, 238 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. 108.
    Wajid, A.S., Ahmed, H.S.T., Das, S., Irin, F., Jankowski, A.F., Green, M.J.: Macromol. Mat. Eng. 298, 339 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. 109.
    Galpaya, D., Wang, M., George, G., Motta, N., Waclawik, E., Yan, C.: J. Appl. Phys. 116, 053518 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. 110.
    Shen, X.-J., Pei, X.-Q., Fu, S.-Y., Friedrich, K.: Polymer 54, 1234 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. 111.
    Cooper, D.R., D’Anjou, B., Ghattamaneni, N., Harack, B., Hilke, M., Horth, A., Majlis, N., Massicotte, M., Vandsburger, L., Whiteway, E., Yu, V.: Inter. Scho. Res. Not. (2012)Google Scholar
  112. 112.
    Wei, J., Vo, T., Inam, F.: RSC Adv. 5, 73510 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. 113.
    Sandler, J.K.W., Kirk, J.E., Kinloch, I.A., Shaffer, M.S.P., Windle, A.H.: Polymer 44, 5893 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. 114.
    Zhao, S., Chang, H., Chen, S., Cui, J., Yan, Y.: Euro. Poly. J 84, 300 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. 115.
    Atif, R., Shyha, I., Inam, F.: Polymers 8, 281 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. 116.
    Kim, C.-J., Khan, W., Kim, D.-H., Cho, K.-S., Park, S.-Y.: Carbohydr. Polym. 86, 903 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. 117.
    Luong, N.D., Pahimanolis, N., Hippi, U., Korhonen, J.T., Ruokolainen, J., Johansson, L.-S., Nam, J.-D., Seppälä, J.: J. Mater. Chem 21, 13991 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. 118.
    Weng, Z., Su, Y., Wang, D.-W., Li, F., Du, J., Cheng, H.-M.: Adv. Ener. Mater. 1, 917 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. 119.
    Xu, M., Huang, Q., Wang, X., Sun, R.: Indu. Cro. Prod. 70, 56 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. 120.
    Zhao, X., Zhang, Q., Chen, D., Lu, P.: Macromolecules 43, 2357 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. 121.
    Lee, Y.R., Raghu, A.V., Jeong, H.M., Kim, B.K.: Macromol. Chem. Phys. 210, 1247 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. 122.
    Liang, J., Xu, Y., Huang, Y., Zhang, L., Wang, Y., Ma, Y., Li, F., Guo, T., Chen, Y.: J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 9921 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. 123.
    Stankovich, S., Dikin, D.A., Dommett, G.H.B., Kohlhaas, K.M., Zimney, E.J., Stach, E.A., Piner, R.D., Nguyen, S.T., Ruoff, R.S.: Nature 442, 282 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. 124.
    Liu, N., Luo, F., Wu, H., Liu, Y., Zhang, C., Chen, J.: Adv. Func. Mater 18, 1518 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Caotings, Materials and EnvironmentM’Hamed Bougara UniversityBoumerdesAlgeria
  2. 2.Research Unit: Materials, Processes and Environment (RU/MPE)M’Hamed Bougara UniversityBoumerdesAlgeria

Personalised recommendations