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Application of Reduced Graphene Oxide (rGO) for Stability of Perovskite Solar Cells

  • Bhim P. KafleEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Carbon Nanostructures book series (CARBON)

Abstract

Rapid increase in performance of methyl ammonium lead halide perovskite solar cells (PSCs) has been observed in the last decade, reaching overall power conversion efficiency up to 23%. This made them the serious alternative to the silicon-based solar cells. However, there are still several challenges to address before commercialization of this kind of solar cell technology. For example, PSCs showed very poor tolerance against moisture, oxygen, temperature, and UV illumination. The graphene and its derivatives [in particular, graphene oxide (GO) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO)] demonstrate several key features that may address above-underlined issues prevailing in PSCs and also in organic photovoltaic solar cells (OPVs), leading to enhance the energy conversion efficiency of these third-generation photovoltaic devices. In this context, this review highlighted on the key features of graphene, GO, and rGO and also provides overview of very latest successful examples of their applications as TCO, electron transport layer or hole transport layer mainly in PSCs. Finally, the potential issues and the perspective for future research in graphene-based materials for PSC applications are presented.

Keywords

Graphene Reduced graphenen oxide Transparent conducting oxide Electron transparent conducting oxide Hole transport layer Perovskite solar cell 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Author would like to thank “The Word Academy of Science for developing countries (TWAS)” (Grant No. 12-165 RG/CHE/AS_I; UNESCO FR: 12-165 RG/CHE/AS_I/2013) and National Innovation Center (NIC), Kathmandu Nepal, for supporting this research project.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical Science and Engineering, School of EngineeringKathmandu UniversityDhulikhelNepal

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