Content Analysis in Systematic Reviews

  • Kristina MikkonenEmail author
  • Maria Kääriäinen


This chapter aims to present a methodological example of how content analysis can be applied to systematic reviews of nursing science research. The chapter will explain why systematic reviews are conducted in the field of nursing science, present the methodological rigidness of the systematic review, and later detail how content analysis can be used to examine chosen original studies. This chapter also includes a practical example that will guide the reader through the analytical process.

The quality of the presented review—in which content analysis is employed for data synthesis—is also critically discussed.


Content analysis Data synthesis Systematic review 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Unit of Nursing Science and Health ManagementOulu UniversityOuluFinland
  2. 2.Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University HospitalOuluFinland
  3. 3.The Finnish Centre for Evidence-Based Health Care, A Joanna Briggs Institute Centre of ExcellenceHelsinkiFinland

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