Advertisement

The Freedom Caucus and Factionalism in the Trump Era

  • Patrick HomanEmail author
  • Jeffrey S. Lantis
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter shifts focus to the disequilibrium of the Trump era, and studies ways that modern factions have become even more empowered by an insurgency presidency. Far-right conservatives with deeply held social values have challenged family planning provisions in foreign aid legislation, and the Freedom Caucus employed traditional and nontraditional means to help end U.S. engagement in the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (the Iran nuclear deal). These cases highlight important connections between factional struggle and foreign policy outcomes.

Bibliography

  1. Aizenman, N. (2017, May 25). Trump’s Proposed Budget Would Cut $2.2 Billion From Global Health Spending. NPR. Retrieved from https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/05/25/529873431/trumps-proposed-budget-would-cut-2-2-billion-from-global-health-spending
  2. Bacon, P., Jr. (2018, July 31). How the Freedom Caucus Learned to Love Trump, or at Least to Work with Him. FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved from https://fivethirtyeight.com/features/how-the-freedom-caucus-learned-to-love-trump/
  3. Baker, P. (2015, April 16). Congress’s Role in Iran Nuclear Deal Shows Limits of Obama’s Power. The New York Times.Google Scholar
  4. Beinart, P. (2015, July 14). Why the Iran Deal Makes Obama’s Critics So Angry. The Atlantic.Google Scholar
  5. Beinart, P. (2016, April 6). What’s the Alternative to Obama’s Iran Deal. The Atlantic.Google Scholar
  6. Berman, R. (2015, April 10). Why Congress Can’t Be Silenced on Iran. The Atlantic.Google Scholar
  7. Beutler, B. (2015, August 11). Republicans Who Oppose the Iran Deal Are Making Promises They Can’t Keep. The New Republic.Google Scholar
  8. Blanchfield, L. (2018, April 5). Abortion and Family Planning-Related Provisions in U.S. Foreign Assistance Law and Policy. Congressional Research Service.Google Scholar
  9. Boguhn, A. (2015, December 17). Meet the Anti-Choice Radicals Behind the House Freedom Caucus. Rewire News.Google Scholar
  10. Booker, B. (2015, September 9). Trump, Cruz Headline Tea Party Rally Against Iran Nuclear Deal. NPR.Google Scholar
  11. Bowen, W. Q., & Kidd, J. (2004). The Iranian Nuclear Challenge. International Affairs, 80(2), 257–276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Carden, J. (2015, July 31). Inside the Effort to Kill the Iran Deal. The Nation.Google Scholar
  13. Chumley, C. K. (2015, January 21). Democrat Sen. Menenedez: Obama’s Points on Iran Come ‘Straight Out of Tehran.’ The Washington Times.Google Scholar
  14. Cincotta, R. P., & Crane, B. B. (2001, October 19). The Mexico City Policy and U.S. Family Planning Assistance. Science. Retrieved from http://science.sciencemag.org/content/294/5542/525/tab-article-info
  15. Clarke, A. J. (2017). The House Freedom Caucus: Extreme Faction Influence in the U.S. Congress (PDF file). Retrieved from http://www.democratic-anxieties.eu/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Clarke_Berlin2017.pdf
  16. Clarke, A., Gray, T., & Lowande, K. (2018). Causal Inference from Pivotal Politics Theories. The Journal of Politics, 80(3), 1082–1087.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Cook, R. J., Dickens, B. M., & Fathalla, M. F. (2003). Reproductive Health and Human Rights: Integrating Medicine, Ethics, and Law. Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  18. Cotton, T. (2015). An Open Letter to the Leaders of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Office of Senator Tom Cotton. Press Release. https://www.cotton.senate.gov/?p=press_release&id=120
  19. Crossette, B. (2018, April 3). US Congress Strikes Back at Trump’s Goals to Curtail Family Planning. PassBlue. Retrieved from https://www.passblue.com/2018/03/25/us-congress-strikes-back-at-trumps-goals-to-curtail-family-planning/
  20. Curtis, C. (2007). Meeting Health Care Needs of Women Experiencing Complications of Miscarriage and Unsafe Abortion: USAID’s Postabortion Care Program. Journal of Midwifery & Women’s Health, 52(4), 368–375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Dao, J. (1997, December 4). Crusader and Pragmatist: The Two Chris Smiths. The New York Times.Google Scholar
  22. DeBonis, M. (2015, December 2). House Freedom Caucus Looking to Flex Its New Muscle in 2016 Races. The Washington Post.Google Scholar
  23. DeSilver, D. (2015, October 20). House Freedom Caucus: What Is It, and Who’s in It? Pew Research Center. Retrieved from http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2015/10/20/house-freedom-caucus-what-is-it-and-whos-in-it/
  24. Drezner, D. W. (2014a). Rebooting Republican Foreign Policy. Foreign Affairs.Google Scholar
  25. Drezner, D. W. (2014b, October 15). Two Thoughts on the GOP’s Brewing Civil War on Foreign Policy. The Washington Post.Google Scholar
  26. Dueck, C. (2010). Hard Line: The Republican Party and U.S. Foreign Policy Since World War II. Princeton: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Entman, R. M. (1993). Framing: Toward Clarification of a Fractured Paradigm. Journal of Communication, 4, 51–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Fox, L. (2017, March 24). Why (Almost) Everyone Hates the House Freedom Caucus. CNN.Google Scholar
  29. French, L., & Sherman, J. (2015a, May 13). GOP Expected to Buck Conservatives on Iran. Politico.Google Scholar
  30. French, L., & Sherman, J. (2015b, May 8). House Conservatives Target Iran Nuclear Bill. Politico.Google Scholar
  31. Fuller, M. (2015, February 11). House Freedom Caucus Looks to Be a Force—In Leadership and Lawmaking. Roll Call. Retrieved from https://www.rollcall.com/news/policy/house-freedom-caucus-looks-to-be-force-in-leadership-and-lawmaking
  32. Green, M. N. (2019). Legislative Hardball: The House Freedom Caucus and the Power of Threat-Making in Congress (Elements in American Politics). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Hammond, S. W. (1998). Congressional Caucuses in National Policy Making. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press.Google Scholar
  34. Hirschkorn, P., & Pinto, J. (2012, March 15). White Evangelicals Are Half of GOP Primary Voters. CBS News. Retrieved from https://www.cbsnews.com/news/white-evangelicals-are-half-of-gop-primary-voters/
  35. Homan, P. (2015). Getting to 67: The Post-Cold War Politics of Arms Control Treaty Ratification. New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Hwang, A. C., & Stewart, F. H. (2004). Family Planning in the Balance. American Journal of Public Health, 94(1), 15–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Hylse, C., & Herszenhorn, D. M. (2015, September 3). A Coordinated Strategy Brings Victory to Obama on the Iran Nuclear Deal. The New York Times.Google Scholar
  38. Jacobs, B. (2015, September 9). At Rally Against Iran Deal, Tea Party Finds Itself Trumped by Trump. The Guardian.Google Scholar
  39. Johnson, L. (1965, January 4). State of the Union Address. https://millercenter.org/the-presidency/presidential-speeches/january-4-1965-state-union
  40. Leoudaki, Z. (2017, May 13). Ideological Divide Over Abortion Again Affects US Foreign Aid. Voa News. Retrieved from https://www.voanews.com/a/us-cut-in-foreign-aid-for-abortion-advice-could-hit-hard/3850371.html
  41. Lindsay, J. (2017, December 20). The Iran Deal Saga Continues. Council on Foreign Relations.Google Scholar
  42. Lizza, R. (2015, December 14). A House Divided. The New Yorker.Google Scholar
  43. Milbank, D. (2013, November 26). Republicans Mindlessly Oppose Iran Nuclear Deal. The Washington Post.Google Scholar
  44. Miller, Z. J. (2013, July 27). GOP Goes Public with Long-Brewing Foreign Policy Civil War. Time.Google Scholar
  45. Moscovici, S. (1985). The Age of the Crowd: A Historical Treatise on Mass Psychology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  46. Nemeth, C. J. (1986). The Differential Contributions of Majority and Minority Influence. Psychological Review, 93, 23–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Pramuk, J. (2017, March 24). Trump Presses Freedom Caucus on Health Care: A No Vote Helps Planned Parenthood. CNBC. Retrieved from https://www.cnbc.com/2017/03/24/trump-to-freedom-caucus-a-no-vote-on-health-care-helps-planned-parenthood.html
  48. Press Release. Congressman Jim Jordan. (2015, January 26). House Republicans Form Freedom Caucus. https://jordan.house.gov/news/documentsingle.aspx?DocumentID=397889
  49. Raas, W., & Long, A. (2007). Osirak Redux? Assessing Israeli Capabilities to Destroy Iranian Nuclear Facilities. International Security, 31(4), 7–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Rathbun, B. (2013). Steeped in International Affairs? The Foreign Policy Views of the Tea Party. Foreign Policy Analysis, 9(1), 21–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Richardson, H. C. (2014). To Make Men Free: A History of the Republican Party. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  52. Richter, P., & Memoli, M. A. (2015, April 14). Senate Panel OKs Compromise Bill on Iran. Los Angeles Times.Google Scholar
  53. Saletan, W. (2003). Bearing Right: How Conservatives Won the Abortion War. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  54. Sanger, D. E. (2012, June 1). Obama Order Sped Up Wave of Cyberattacks Against Iran. The New York Times.Google Scholar
  55. Sedgh, G., et al. (2016, June). Unmet Need for Contraception in Developing Countries: Examining Women’s Reasons for Not Using a Method. Guttmacher Institute.Google Scholar
  56. Sherman, J. (2015, October 15). The Obsession of the House Freedom Caucus. Politico.Google Scholar
  57. Slavin, B. (2018, 7 May). The Dangerous Consequences of U.S. Withdrawal from the Iran Nuclear Deal. https://www.atlanticcouncil.org/blogs/new-atlanticist/the-dangerous-consequences-of-us-withdrawal-from-the-iran-nuclear-deal
  58. Staats, S. J. (2010, November 3). Republican Victory, the Tea Party and U.S. Development Policy. Center for Global Development. Retrieved from https://www.cgdev.org/blog/republican-victory-tea-party-and-us-development-policy
  59. Sullivan, S. (2015, March 11). With Iran Letter, Tom Cotton Emerges as Leading GOP National Security Hawk. The Washington Post.Google Scholar
  60. United Nations Security Council. Security Council Resolution 1696. (2006, July 31). SC/8792.Google Scholar
  61. Wallis, J. (2016, October 16). The Republican House Wreckers Trying to Veto Democracy. The Huffington Post.Google Scholar
  62. Weisman, J., & Baker, P. (2015, April 14). Obama Yields, Allowing Congress Say on Iran Nuclear Deal. The New York Times.Google Scholar
  63. Wieseltier, L. (2015, July 27). The Iran Deal and the Rut of History. The Atlantic.Google Scholar
  64. Wong, S., & Marcos, C. (2015, July 30). Effort to Oust Boehner Falls Flat. The Hill.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceDominican UniversityRiver ForestUSA
  2. 2.Department of Political ScienceThe College of WoosterWoosterUSA

Personalised recommendations