An Axis of Evil, 2001–2003

  • Joseph M. SiracusaEmail author
  • Laurens J. Visser
Part of the The Evolving American Presidency book series (EAP)


In 2001, George W. Bush became the 43rd president of the United States. Although the presidency began amid electoral controversy, everything changed with the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. Threats that had existed beyond the borders of the United States were suddenly on American soil and the fear of another attack changed the priorities of the administration. America was under attack. Buttressed by support from Congress, Bush went to considerable lengths in order to establish to the American people the threat posed by Saddam Hussein to US national security, and his emphasis on Saddam Hussein’s putative intentions to acquire weapons of mass destruction indicated his capabilities as Iraq’s leader firmly consolidated public support for Bush’s decision to go to war.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Global StudiesRoyal Melbourne Institute of TechnologyMelbourneAustralia

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