Centimeter-Resolution Long-Distance Optical Fiber Monitoring

  • Felipe CalliariEmail author
  • Luis Herrera
  • Jean Pierre von der Weid
  • Gustavo Amaral
Part of the Springer Series in Optical Sciences book series (SSOS, volume 223)


The worldwide dense deployment of optical fiber networks has been driven by the desire of higher transmission capacity necessary for high-level data communications. Supporting all the higher Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) layers is the physical layer represented by the optical fiber, which, unfortunately, suffers from mechanical fragility. The robust operation of the whole network, therefore, can be jeopardized by mundane events such as the strangling of the fiber cable caused by a passing truck on a highway or by a break due to the action of rodents. In order to deal with this issue, physical layer supervision is of the utmost importance and, over the years, reflectometry techniques have been developed and upgraded so that the protection of the optical fibers is ensured. This chapter performs a brief revision of such reflectometry techniques with special focus on the Optical Time Domain Reflectometry and on one of its most interesting recent developments, the Photon-Counting Optical Time Domain Reflectometry. It further presents a technique for centimeter-resolution long-distance measurements of optical fibers in practical times and discusses its performance in detail.



We would like to thank to the brazilian agency CNPq for the financial support, without which this work would not have been realized.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Felipe Calliari
    • 1
    Email author
  • Luis Herrera
    • 1
  • Jean Pierre von der Weid
    • 1
  • Gustavo Amaral
    • 1
  1. 1.PUC-RioRio de JaneiroBrazil

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