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Nanotechnology: Science and Technology at New Length Scale with Implications in Defense

  • Narendra Kumar
  • Ambesh Dixit
Chapter

Abstract

Nanotechnology is a buzzword in the present era and is an outstanding technology of manipulating matter at a nanometer-length scale (10−9 m) to yield materials with unique properties and devices to perform very complex functions. It has broken all the boundaries between all the disciplines of science and technology to engage researchers working on the fundamental and applied aspects by joining hands. New physical and chemical phenomena such as very high surface-to-volume ratio, quantum confinement, creation of discrete energy states giving birth to unusual characteristics such as band gap openings in metal, widening in semiconductor and insulators, and very high chemical reactivity to make the materials as wonderful catalyst, adsorbents, and sensors. Some of these unusual characteristics are being exploited in achieving fuel-efficient lightweight vehicles and weapon platforms, lightweight and high-strength body armors, management of signatures to camouflage military objects, management of weapons of mass destruction (CBRN), and smart soldiers, along with making paradigm shifts in future defense technologies.

Keywords

Nanomaterials Nanotechnology Types of Nanomaterials Quantum Dots CNTs Graphene Nanocomposites Nanotechnology in Defense Quantum confinement Catalysis 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Narendra Kumar
    • 1
  • Ambesh Dixit
    • 2
  1. 1.Defence Laboratory Jodhpur (DRDO)JodhpurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Physics & Center for Solar Energy DepartmentIndian Institute of Technology JodhpurJodhpurIndia

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