Research on Women Entrepreneurs’ Work-Life Balance

  • Claire Sophie Zerwas
Part of the Contributions to Management Science book series (MANAGEMENT SC.)


This chapter includes a comprehensive literature review. Several studies discussing work-life issues among entrepreneurs are presented. Next, the literature on work-life balance in the specific context of women’s entrepreneurship is reviewed. The chapter identifies articles from scientific journals that are of high relevance to the underlying research topic and provide important insights for the subsequent research steps in this work. Finally, the key insights from the literature review are summarized.


  1. Agarwal, S., & Lenka, U. (2015). Study on work-life balance of women entrepreneurs – review and research agenda. Industrial and Commercial Training, 47(7), 356–362.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ashforth, B. E., Kreiner, G. E., & Fugate, M. (2000). All in a day’s work: Boundaries and micro role transitions. Academy of Management Review, 25(3), 472–491.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brush, C. G., De Bruin, A., & Welter, F. (2009). A gender-aware framework for women’s entrepreneurship. International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, 1(1), 8–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Clark, S. C. (2000). Work/family border theory: A new theory of work/family balance. Human Relations, 53(6), 747–770.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Emslie, C., & Hunt, K. (2009). ‘Live to Work’ or ‘Work to Live’? A qualitative study of gender and work-life balance among men and women in mid-life. Gender, Work & Organization, 16(1), 151–172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Green, E., & Cohen, L. (1995). ‘Women’s business’: Are women entrepreneurs breaking new ground or simply balancing the demands of ‘women’s work’ in a new way. Journal of Gender Studies, 4(3), 297–314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Heilbrunn, S., & Davidovitch, L. (2011). Juggling family and business: Work-family conflict of women entrepreneurs in Israel. Journal of Entrepreneurship, 20(1), 127–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hofäcker, D., & König, S. (2013). Flexibility and work-life conflict in times of crisis: A gender perspective. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 33(9/10), 613–635.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Jennings, J. E., & McDougald, M. S. (2007). Work-family interface experiences and coping strategies: Implications for entrepreneurship research and practice. Academy of Management Review, 32(3), 747–760.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Jurik, N. C. (1998). Getting away and getting by – The experiences of self-employed homeworkers. Work and Occupations, 25(1), 7–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kim, J. L. S., & Ling, C. S. (2001). Work-family conflict of women entrepreneurs in Singapore. Women in Management Review, 16(5), 204–221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kirkwood, J., & Tootell, B. (2008). Is entrepreneurship the answer to achieving work-family balance? Journal of Management and Organization, 14(3), 285–302.Google Scholar
  13. König, S., & Cesinger, B. (2015). Gendered work-family conflict in Germany: Do self-employment and flexibility matter. Work, Employment & Society, 29(4), 531–549.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Loscocco, K. A. (1997). Work-family linkages among self-employed women and men. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 50(2), 204–226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Mathew, R. V., & Panchanatham, N. (2011). An exploratory study on the work-life balance of women entrepreneurs in South India. Asian Academy of Management Journal, 16(2), 77–105.Google Scholar
  16. McGowan, P., Redeker, C. L., Cooper, S. Y., & Greenan, K. (2012). Female entrepreneurship and the management of business and domestic roles: Motivations, expectations and realities. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 24(1–2), 53–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Parasuraman, S., & Simmers, C. A. (2001). Type of employment, work-family conflict and wellbeing: A comparative study. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 22(5), 551–568.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ransome, P. (2007). Conceptualizing boundaries between ‘life’and ‘work’. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 18(3), 374–386.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Rehman, S., & Azam Roomi, M. (2012). Gender and work-life balance: A phenomenological study of women entrepreneurs in Pakistan. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 19(2), 209–228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Reynolds, J., & Renzulli, L. A. (2005). Economic freedom or self-imposed strife: Work-life conflict, gender, and self-employment. In L. A. Keister (Ed.), Entrepreneurship. Research in the sociology of work (Vol. 15, pp. 33–60). Amsterdam: Elsevier Ltd.Google Scholar
  21. Robb, A. M., & Watson, J. (2012). Gender differences in firm performance: Evidence from new ventures in the United States. Journal of Business Venturing, 27(5), 544–558.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Shaffer, M. A., Joplin, J. R., & Hsu, Y. S. (2011). Expanding the boundaries of work-family research: A review and agenda for future research. International Journal of Cross Cultural Management, 11(2), 221–268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Shelton, L. M. (2006). Female entrepreneurs, work-family conflict, and venture performance: New insights into the work-family interface. Journal of Small Business Management, 44(2), 285–297.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Stoner, C. R., Hartman, R. I., & Arora, R. (1990). Work-home role conflict in female owners of small business: An exploratory study. Journal of Small Business Management, 28(1), 30–38.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claire Sophie Zerwas
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for ManagementUniversity of Koblenz-LandauKoblenzGermany

Personalised recommendations