Advertisement

Proprietary Reasons and Joint Action

  • Abe RothEmail author
Chapter
  • 5 Downloads
Part of the Studies in the Philosophy of Sociality book series (SIPS, volume 11)

Abstract

Some of the reasons one acts on in joint action are shared with fellow participants. But others are proprietary: reasons of one’s own that have no direct practical significance for other participants. The compatibility of joint action with proprietary reasons serves to distinguish the former from other forms of collective agency; moreover, it is arguably a desirable feature of joint action. Advocates of “team reasoning” link the special collective intention individual participants have when acting together with a distinctive form of practical reasoning that purports to put individuals in touch with group or collective reasons. Such views entail the surprising conclusion that one cannot engage in joint action for proprietary reasons. Suppose we understand the contrast between minimal and robust forms of joint action in terms of the extent to which participants act on proprietary reasons as opposed to shared reasons. Then, if the team reasoning view of joint intention and action is correct, it makes no sense to talk of minimal joint action. As soon as the reason for which one participates is proprietary, then one is not, on this view, genuinely engaged in joint action.

Keywords

Joint action Proprietary reasons Group reasons Acting for a reason We-mode Team reasoning 

References

  1. Anderson, E. (2001). Unstrapping the straightjacket of ‘preference’: A comment on Amartya Sen’s contributions to philosophy and economics. Economics and Philosophy, 17, 21–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anscombe, G. E. M. (1963). Intention (2nd ed.). Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Bacharach, M. (2006). In N. Gold & R. Sugden (Eds.), Beyond individual choice: Teams and frames in game theory. Princeton: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bratman, M. (1992). Shared cooperative activity. Philosophical Review, 101, 327–341.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bratman, M. (2014). Shared agency: A planning theory of acting together. New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Davidson, D. (1980). Essays on actions and events. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Gold, N., & Sugden, R. (2007). Collective intentions and team agency. Journal of Philosophy, CIV(3), 109–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hakli, R., Miller, K., & Tuomela, R. (2010). Two kinds of we-reasoning. Economics & Philosophy, 26, 291–320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hurley, S. (1989). Natural reasons. New York: Oxford University/Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Jackson, F. (1987). Group morality. In P. Pettit, R. Sylvan, & J. Norman (Eds.), Metaphysics and morality (pp. 91–110). Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  11. Kutz, C. (2000). Acting together. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research., 61, 1–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Pacherie, E. (2018). Solution thinking and team reasoning: How different are they? Philosophy of the Social Sciences, 48(6), 585–593.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Parfit, D. (1984). Reasons and persons. Oxford: Oxford University Press/Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  14. Roth, A. (2012). Team reasoning and shared intention. In A. Ziv & H. Schmid (Eds.), Institutions, emotions, and group agents (pp. 279–295). Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  15. Searle, J. (1990). Collective intentions and actions. In P. Cohen, J. Morgan, & M. Pollack (Eds.), Intentions in communication (pp. 401–415). Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  16. Sugden, R. (1993). Thinking as a team: Towards an explanation of nonselfish behavior. Social Philosophy and Policy, 10, 69–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Tuomela, R. (2007). The philosophy of sociality: The shared point of view. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyOhio State UniversityColumbusUSA

Personalised recommendations