Climate Variability and Extreme Weather in High Mountain Asia: Observation and Modelling

  • Leila M. V. CarvalhoEmail author
  • Jesse Norris
  • Forest Cannon
  • Charles Jones


The hydrological cycle in High Mountain Asia is of critical importance for water security, agriculture and power generation for one of the most densely populated regions in the world. Glaciers over the central Himalaya have retreated at particularly rapid rates in recent decades, while glacier mass in the Karakoram appears stable. This chapter focuses on the climate of recent decades and discusses how the unique orography and complex terrain of this area of the planet influence weather patterns and the climate of the region and implications of these interactions for the future of high-elevation freshwater reservoirs.


High Mountain Asia Central Himalayas Karakoram Winter Western Disturbance Glacier trends 



We appreciate the contribution of Pete Peterson in providing CHIRPS data. We acknowledge NSF AG AGS-1116105 support.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leila M. V. Carvalho
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jesse Norris
    • 2
  • Forest Cannon
    • 3
  • Charles Jones
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeographyUC Santa BarbaraSanta BarbaraUSA
  2. 2.Department of Ocean and Atmospheric SciencesUC Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UC San DiegoSan DiegoUSA

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