Tectonics Associated with the Late Oligocene to Early Miocene Units of the High Andes (Cura-Mallín Formation). A Review of the Geochronological, Thermochronological, and Geochemical Data

  • Eduardo Agustín RosselotEmail author
  • María Hurley
  • Lucía Sagripanti
  • Lucas Fennell
  • Sofía B. Iannelli
  • Darío Orts
  • Alfonso Encinas
  • Vanesa D. Litvak
  • Andrés Folguera
Part of the Springer Earth System Sciences book series (SPRINGEREARTH)


The tectonic regime associated with the Oligo-Miocene Cura-Mallín Formation and equivalents in the Main Andean Cordillera between 35° and 40° S, the Ventana and Abanico formations to the south and north, respectively, is still matter of debate. While most authors have agreed in relating them to an extensional regime that could have interrupted Andean orogenesis, others have provided evidence of coexistence with an ongoing compressional regime at least for the upper part of their record. Available geochronological, structural, geochemical, thermochronological, and basin subsidence data between 33° and 43° S are compiled and analyzed in this chapter in order to provide a tectonic framework for these rocks. Based on this analysis, two different mechanisms seem to have succeeded through the accumulation of these sequences, a late Oligocene to earliest Miocene period characterized by syn-extensional deposits in an attenuated crust evidenced by low La/Yb ratios in contemporaneous magmatism, and a younger time period in the mid- to late Miocene that coincides with regional exhumation and compression revealed by thermochronological data and syncontractional sedimentation.


Late Oligocene extension Early Miocene contraction Cura-Mallín Basin Abanico Basin Ventana Basin 



This study has been funded by PICT-2016-12252, FONDECYT Project 1151146, PIP 11220150100426 and UBACYT 20020150100166BA. This is the R-315 contribution of the Instituto de Estudios Andinos “Don Pablo Groeber”.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eduardo Agustín Rosselot
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • María Hurley
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lucía Sagripanti
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lucas Fennell
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sofía B. Iannelli
    • 1
    • 2
  • Darío Orts
    • 3
  • Alfonso Encinas
    • 4
  • Vanesa D. Litvak
    • 1
    • 2
  • Andrés Folguera
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Departamento de Ciencias GeologicasBuenos AiresArgentina
  2. 2.CONICET – Universidad de Buenos AiresInstituto de Estudios Andinos “Don Pablo Groeber” (IDEAN)Buenos AiresArgentina
  3. 3.Universidad Nacional de Río NegroPcia de Río NegroArgentina
  4. 4.Departamento de Ciencias de la TierraUniversidad de ConcepciónConcepciónChile

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