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Prevention and Treatment of Oral Mucositis in Cancer Patients Using Photobiomodulation (Low-Level Laser Therapy and Light-Emitting Diodes)

  • Cesar Augusto MiglioratiEmail author
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Abstract

Oral mucositis (OM) is one of the most impacting oral complications negatively affecting the quality of life of cancer patients being treated with high-dose chemotherapy and radiation of the head and neck. It is an acute adverse effect that can be devastating and could affect cancer prognosis. Prevention and management strategies have not been successful. Photobiomodulation is a form of light therapy delivered to human tissues by lasers, light-emitting diodes, and even broadband light. It interferes in the way human cells repair tissues in a nonthermal and nonionizing fashion. There is mounting evidence that photobiomodulation (PBM or low-level laser therapy) can be effective in preventing OM and/or reducing the severity of this important complication. This chapter describes current modeling of the pathobiology and clinical characteristics of OM, the burden on the cancer patient, and the use of PBM as a preventative and/or therapeutic management of this oral complication.

Keywords

Oral mucositis Photobiomodulation Laser therapy Low-level laser therapy Oral complications of cancer therapy 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diagnostic SciencesUniversity of Florida College of DentistryGainesvilleUSA

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