Geospatial Information and Technologies for International Safeguards Verification

  • Erik WolfartEmail author


International safeguards verification is based on the analysis of a large variety of information from different sources including state-declared information, inspection data, open source and third-party information. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are used for the management and analysis of spatial information, such as satellite imagery and site maps declared under the Additional Protocol. They can also be utilized for the management of non-spatial safeguards information which often relates to a specific site, facility or location. Mobile geospatial technologies can facilitate on-site inspector tools such as positioning and navigation; location-based information retrieval; location-tagging of information for efficient post-inspection analysis; and Augmented Reality (AR) applications. These capabilities can put the inspector in a more pro-active and investigative role and can further integrate safeguards activities in the field and at headquarters. This chapter discusses the current and possible future use of geospatial information and technologies for safeguards analysis at the inspectorates’ headquarters and illustrates the potential of mobile geospatial tools for on-site inspections.



The author would like to thank the colleagues that supported the writing of this chapter, in particular Giacomo Cojazzi, Guido Renda, Vitor Sequeira, Simone Ceriani, Carlos Sanchez and Pierluigi Taddei. Their work and discussions with them contributed significantly to the chapter. Any incorrectness or mistake is the authors’ sole responsibility. The activity is funded within the European Commission (EC) Euratom Horizon 2020 Research and Training Programme. The views expressed in this chapter are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the official views of the European Commission.


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Copyright information

© This is a U.S. government work and not under copyright protection in the U.S.; foreign copyright protection may apply 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.EC Directorate General Joint Research CentreDirectorate G - Nuclear Safety and SecurityIspraItaly

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