Human Digital Twin: Enabling Human-Multi Smart Machines Collaboration

  • Wael Hafez
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1038)


AI solutions are becoming ubiquitous in private and professional Domains. Soon, humans using AI will be relying on recommendations and actions from multiple smart machines to coordinate and manage their financial, professional, or health objectives. As the human’s life aspects and objectives are dependent and as her resources are limited, the paper argues that to avoid conflicts, all smart machines supporting a human need to be adaptively aligned with her objectives. The paper introduces the concept of a Human Digital Twin (HDT), which is a human-specific smart machine dedicated to aligning human objectives with the smart machines supporting her. The HDT monitors the entire human-AI space and, based on the human’s responses to the various machine actions, the HDT identifies stable human-machine interaction patterns, which can be used to anticipate human responses in given contexts and thus ensure the alignment of the various machines with her objectives. The HDT learns the human-machine interaction patterns by using the structure of the information used in the interactions (metadata), and not by relying on the content of that information. This enables HDTs to overcome the constraint of existing approaches, which require all smart solutions to operate on the same platform. In addition, by relying only on information structures, HDTs would not compromise human data or proprietary provider information.


Human-machine teaming Human-computer interface Self-adaptation and self-organizational systems Multiagent system 


  1. 1.
    Duncan, D.E.: Can AI keep you healthy? MIT Technol. Rev. (2017).
  2. 2.
    Daugherty, P.R., Wilson, J.H.: Human + Machine: Reimagining Work in the Age of AI. Harvard Business Review Press, Boston (2018)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kahneman, D.: Thinking Fast and Slow. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York (2011)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    King, B.: Augmented: Life in the Smart Lane. Marshall Cavendish International (Asia) Pte. Ltd., Singapore (2016)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Malone, T.W.: Superminds: The Surprising Power of People and Computers Thinking Together. Little, Brown and Company, New York (2018)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Polson, N., Scott, J.: AIQ: How People and Machines Are Smarter Together. St. Martin’s Press, New York (2018)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Tegmark, M.: Life 3.0: Being Human in the Age of Artificial Intelligence. Alfred A. Knop, New York (2017)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wael Hafez
    • 1
  1. 1.AlexandriaUSA

Personalised recommendations