Botulinum Neurotoxin: Basic Facts, Physiology and Pharmacology

  • M. G. BerryEmail author


Globally recognised botulinum neurotoxin is known primarily for its aesthetic effects. It seems to attract a negative media slant disproportionate to its wealth of clinically documented attributes in fields as disparate as paediatrics, urology, ophthalmology and, most recently, neurology for its treatment of migraine. This chapter introduces some of its important facts, fundaments of physiology and basic pharmacology.


Botulinum Neurotoxin Botox® Botulism Evidence-based Neuromuscular blockade Safety Complications 



Conflict of Interest: The author has no conflict of interest to declare.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.London Welbeck HospitalLondonUK

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