Hysteroscopy and Infertility

  • Attilio Di Spiezio Sardo
  • Alessandro Conforti
  • Enrica Mastantuoni
  • Carlo Alviggi
  • Jose Jimenez


The clinical relevance of hysteroscopy in the diagnosis and treatment of uterine factors and its role in the infertility workup is still the topic of discussion in the scientific community.

Thanks to its potential capability to “see and treat” many of the uterine pathologies and to improve reproductive outcomes and reduce time to pregnancy, its importance has been reconsidered in the evaluation of infertile couples.

The objective of this chapter is to highlight the efficacy of diagnostic and/or operative hysteroscopy in improving the pregnancy outcome of infertile women, through diagnosis and treatment of some uterine anomalies.


Hysteroscopy Infertility Pregnancy rate Live birth rate Adenomyosis Endometritis Isthmocele Uterine malformation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Attilio Di Spiezio Sardo
    • 1
  • Alessandro Conforti
    • 2
  • Enrica Mastantuoni
    • 2
  • Carlo Alviggi
    • 2
  • Jose Jimenez
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Public HealthSchool of Medicine, University of Naples “Federico II”NaplesItaly
  2. 2.Department of Neuroscience, Reproductive Science and OdontostomatologyUniversity of Naples Federico IINaplesItaly
  3. 3.Unifertes Fertility UnitCaracasVenezuela

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