Repair by Microfractures and Perforations

  • Antonio Zanini
  • Manuel Bondi
  • Pierfrancesco Bettinsoli
  • Andrea Pizzoli


Microfractures and microperforations are still the most common technique showing the best results for the repair of chondral lesions with diameter less than 15 mm [1].

Supplementary material

Video 8.1

Microfractures (mp4 27,971 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio Zanini
    • 1
  • Manuel Bondi
    • 2
  • Pierfrancesco Bettinsoli
    • 1
  • Andrea Pizzoli
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Orthopedic UnitSant’Anna Clinical IstituteBresciaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Orthopaedic and TraumatologyASST Mantova–Carlo PomaMantovaItaly

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