TSO-DSO Interaction and Acquisition of Ancillary Services from Distribution

  • Helena GerardEmail author
  • Enrique Rivero
  • Janka Vanschoenwinkel


The energy market is undergoing important changes, driven by the realization of the European internal energy market on the one hand and the increase of distributed energy resources on the other hand. The introduction of new resources in the energy market that are mainly connected to the distribution grid creates new opportunities and challenges for system operators (TSO and DSO), commercial market players, and end consumers. In particular, resources connected at the distribution grid could be used to provide ancillary services (e.g., frequency control, congestion management, and voltage control). Consequently, coordination between system operators is needed to guarantee a safe, reliable, and cost-efficient use of these resources. This chapter introduces five coordination schemes to enhance interaction between system operators. Each scheme is described in terms of roles, responsibilities, and market design. Furthermore, we discuss the advantages, disadvantages, and feasibility of each coordination scheme and evaluate the link with the ongoing European evolutions.


TSO DSO Coordination Flexibility Ancillary services Market operator Market design Grid constraints Local market Central market 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helena Gerard
    • 1
    Email author
  • Enrique Rivero
    • 1
  • Janka Vanschoenwinkel
    • 1
  1. 1.EnergyVille/VITOGenkBelgium

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