The Agronomy and Economy of Ginger

  • Kodoth Prabhakaran Nair


The chapter eloquently discusses the history of ginger starting from the botanical generic term zingiber (Latin term) which has its origin in Tamil (South Indian language) word Ingiver, meaning ginger rhizome. The place of ginger in Indian history is also discussed. The role of ginger vis-à-vis the spice trade is also discussed. The place of ginger in South Asia, even in Africa, is also discussed. The chapter further discusses the botany; morphology; anatomy, in particular the rhizome anatomy; development of oil cells; root apical organization; ontogeny of buds, roots, and phloem; pre-cambial differentiation of anatomical features of ginger in comparison with related taxa; floral anatomy; biology; self-incompatibility; embryology; cytology; cytogenetics; palynology; pollen morphology; physiology of ginger, including effect of growth regulators; genetic resources; their conservation, in vitro conservation; biochemical variability; crop improvement; and breeding strategies, including mutation breeding, polyploidy breeding, etc.


Ginger History Agronomy Botany Morphology Anatomy Embryology Ontogeny Cytogenetics In vitro conservation 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kodoth Prabhakaran Nair
    • 1
  1. 1.International Agricultural ScientistCalicutIndia

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