Introduction to the Superfamily

  • Javier H. Signorelli


The superfamily Mactroidea includes 46 described genera and almost 260 species. The supra-generic classification of this superfamily was recently revised and rearranged (Signorelli and Carter, 2016). They recognized eight subfamilies grouped into four families (Table 1.1). Within the family Mactridae four subfamilies are currently included. They are Mactrinae Lamarck, 1809; Lutrariinae Gray, 1853; Darininae Signorelli in Carter et al., 2011 and Tanysiphoninae Scarlato and Starobogatov in Nevesskaja et al., 1971. The latter was described by Scarlato and Starobogatov in Nevesskaja et al. (1971, p. 18) to distinguish the species Tanysiphon rivalis Benson, 1858. Although Tanysiphonidae was described as a family level, several authors considered it a subfamily of Mactridae (Boss in Parker, 1982, Bieler et al., 2010; Carter et al., 2011; Signorelli and Carter, 2016). Beu (2006) proposed Zenatinae as a synonym of Lutrariinae. In addition, the subfamily name Kymatoxinae Stenzel and Krause, 1957 [= Pteropsellinae Keen, 1969] was recently relocated to the family Anatinellidae Deshayes, 1853 (Signorelli and Carter, 2016). This family was described to distinguish the genus Anatinella, previously introduced by G. B. Sowerby, I (1821–1834), from Lutraria Lamarck, 1799.


Mactroidea Mactridae Anatinellidae Cardiliidae Mesodesmatidae America Type material 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto de Biología de Organismos MarinosIBIOMAR, CCT CONICET-CENPATPuerto MadrynArgentina

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