Assisted Reproduction: General Concepts and Psychological Aspects Involved

  • Artur Dzik
  • Alcina Meirelles
  • Ludmila Machado Neves
  • Nilka Fernandes Donadio
  • Mario Cavagna
  • Luiz Henrique Gebrim


According to the International Committee Monitoring Assisted Reproductive Technologies, infertility is defined as the failure to conceive after at least 1 year of unprotected sexual intercourse, while the assisted reproduction (AR) consists of all treatments or procedures that include the in vitro manipulation of oocytes, spermatozoa, or human embryos with the purpose of establishing pregnancy. Assisted reproductive techniques (ART) could be low complexity, when fecundation occurs in the female reproductive system, or high complexity, when fecundation is performed at laboratory and the resulting embryos are transferred into the mother’s womb. The steps involved on IVF comprehend ovarian stimulation, follicular aspiration for oocyte pickup, laboratory fertilization, and embryo transfer. The psychological elements of the entire problematic of the infertile couple, handled by the health professional, should be seen in a holistic way, more direct and broad. The conduct of the health professional, especially of public and mental health, necessarily implies into prevention.


Infertility IVF ICSI Assisted reproduction Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Artur Dzik
    • 1
  • Alcina Meirelles
    • 2
  • Ludmila Machado Neves
    • 1
  • Nilka Fernandes Donadio
    • 3
  • Mario Cavagna
    • 4
  • Luiz Henrique Gebrim
    • 1
  1. 1.Women’s Health Reference Center, Pérola Byington Hospital (CRSM)São PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Institute of Childhood Cancer Treatment (ITACI) of the Childrens Institute of the Clinical Hospital-FMUSP, Charité University BerlinBerlinGermany
  3. 3.Assisted Reproduction Laboratory, Pérola Byington Hospital (CRSM)São PauloBrazil
  4. 4.Human Reproduction Women’s Health Reference Center, University of the State of São Paulo UNESPSão PauloBrazil

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