Trauma and Stressor-Related Disorders in Women

  • Andrea Feijó de Mello
  • Mariana Rangel Maciel
  • Sara Motta Borges Bottino
  • José Paulo Fiks
  • Marcelo Feijó de Mello


Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and acute stress disorder (ASD) are the most frequent diagnosis in the Trauma and Stressor-Related Disorders chapter of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5th Edition (DSM-5). The present chapter focuses on ASD and PTSD including background, psycho- and physiopathology, diagnosis, and treatment. Women are more likely to develop PTSD than men and the most frequent events reported in surveys to be related to the start of symptomatology are sexual abuse (before the age of 18), and intimate partner violence. Rape is strongly related to the development of PTSD; studies show rates around 40–50% of women developing PTSD after sexual assault. Besides, there are traumatic events specifically related to women, like breast cancer and traumatic delivery that can trigger PTSD symptoms. Given the fact that women usually look for treatment in general practitioner’s services and/or gynecological-related services, it is extremely important that the professionals working at these settings learn to recognize PTSD symptomatology and refer these women to proper treatment.


Posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD Acute stress syndrome ASD Sexual assault Interpartner violence Traumatic delivery Breast cancer Violence against women 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea Feijó de Mello
    • 1
  • Mariana Rangel Maciel
    • 1
  • Sara Motta Borges Bottino
    • 1
  • José Paulo Fiks
    • 1
  • Marcelo Feijó de Mello
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry of the Federal University of São PauloSão PauloBrazil

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