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Role of White Biotechnology in 2G Biofuels: Biocatalytic Process Development for the Hydrolysis of Lignocellulosic Biomass

  • Uma AddepallyEmail author
  • Chiranjeevu Thulluri
  • Vani Gandham
  • Kiran Kumari Palety
  • Kanakaraju Yerra
Chapter

Abstract

In the commercial exploitation of lignocellulosics for biofuels and other value-added chemicals, the biomass is enzymatically degraded to C5 and C6 sugars for further processing to preferred products of choice. But the economics of bioprocessing of biomass is limited by the cost of biocatalysts employed for the hydrolysis of lignocellulosic polymer to sugar monomers besides a corollary of other factors. Therefore, commercialization of these biocatalytic processes still needs various refinements in the existing infrastructure of lignocellulosic biorefinery. This chapter brings together and discusses better strategies to advance the enzymatic hydrolysis, the characteristics of the components involved (substrate and catalysts), substrate–catalyst complex, and its influence on the overall saccharification performance. Further, it also discusses the diversity of microbial-derived cellulases and their synergism for the effective sugar recovery from cellulose.

Keywords

Lignocellulose White biotechnology Enzymatic hydrolysis Fermentable sugars 2G biofuels 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Uma Addepally
    • 1
    Email author
  • Chiranjeevu Thulluri
    • 1
  • Vani Gandham
    • 1
  • Kiran Kumari Palety
    • 1
  • Kanakaraju Yerra
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Biotechnology, IST, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Hyderabad (JNTUH)HyderabadIndia

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