Academic Integrity and the God of Data

  • Nathan White


“In God we trust, all others must bring data.” Commonly attributed to the statistician William Deming [1], this remark implores us to prove our work beyond relying on trust, opinion, and personal assurance. The way to do so, it would seem, is with data. But what if the data we rely on is wrong, misleading, or misinterpreted?


  1. 1.
    United States. Congress. House. Committee on Agriculture. Subcommittee on Tobacco. Effect of smoking on nonsmokers: hearing before the subcommittee on tobacco. United States congress house committee on agriculture. Subcommittee on tobacco. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978. p. 345.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kolata G. Harvard calls for retraction of dozens of studies by noted cardiac researcher. New York: New York Times; 2018. Scholar
  3. 3.
    Retraction: ileal lymphoid nodular hyperplasia, non-specific colitis, and pervasive developmental disorder in children. Lancet. 2010;375:445.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Silberzahn R, Uhlmann EL. Crowdsourced reseach: many hands make tight work. Nature. 2015;526(7572):189–91. Scholar

Copyright information

© ISAKOS 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nathan White
    • 1
  1. 1.Park Clinic OrthopaedicsMelbourneAustralia

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