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Congenital Neurologic Disease

  • Kästley M. Marvin
  • Matthew T. BriggerEmail author
Chapter
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Abstract

Congenital neurologic diseases that affect the larynx include a broad range of disorders. Children with laryngeal anomalies typically present with airway and/or swallowing difficulties in infancy and early childhood and then voice complaints in later childhood. The two most common laryngeal anomalies in infants both have a neurologic basis, namely, laryngomalacia and vocal fold motion disorders. Management of these disorders depends on severity and underlying etiology. Of utmost importance in these patients is establishing a safe airway.

Keywords

Vocal fold paralysis Laryngomalacia Laryngeal discoordination Aspiration Pediatric otolaryngology Congenital anomaly 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck SurgeryNaval Medical Center San DiegoSan DiegoUSA
  2. 2.Division of Pediatric OtolaryngologyRady Children’s Hospital–San DiegoSan DiegoUSA
  3. 3.Division of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Department of SurgeryUniversity of California San DiegoSan DiegoUSA

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