Cerebrovascular Accident

  • G. Todd SchneiderEmail author
  • Sheryl A. N. Maier


Strokes cause significant post-event morbidity on both swallow function and communication. The pathophysiology of dysphagia, dysarthria, aphasia, and apraxia of speech is reviewed with respect to the vessels and regions of the brain affected by strokes. This chapter also reviews the clinical and objective assessments of post-stroke patients including bedside swallow screening, clinical assessment of swallow, communication assessment, and objective swallow testing. Both invasive and surgical treatments for post-stroke deficits are reviewed. Noninvasive brain stimulation and pharyngeal electrical stimulation are reviewed as possible future treatments of post-stroke deficits.


Stroke Cerebrovascular accident Dysphonia Dysphagia Dysarthria Aphasia Apraxia of speech 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of OtolaryngologyUniversity of Rochester School of Medicine and DentistryRochesterUSA
  2. 2.Department of Speech PathologyUniversity of Rochester School of Medicine and DentistryRochesterUSA

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